The primeval vegetation of Singapore was largely lowland dipterocarp forest, with mangrove forest lining much of the coast and freshwater swamp forest found further inland adjacent to the streams and rivers. After colonization by the British in 1819, almost all the primeval vegetation was cleared for agriculture and other land uses. The most comprehensive vegetation map of Singapore was made in the 1970s and has not been updated since. Here we present an updated vegetation map of Singapore using information from satellite images, published works, and extensive ground-truthing.
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Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationJanuary, 2011Singapore
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2011Indonesia
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsDecember, 2011Africa, Central America, Asia, South America
Since 2000, US$ 2.0-2.7 billion has been invested in feedstock cultivation for biofuel in 16 forest-rich countries, mostly in oil palm and sugarcane. An additional US$ 5.7-6.7 billion has been invested in biofuel production, especially sugar-based ethanol. While investments in some countries are driven by domestic policies to reduce fossil fuel imports, most are export driven. Sugar-based ethanol offers more opportunities to capture value added than biodiesel feedstocks which are amenable to export and processing abroad.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2011Germany, Rwanda, France, Liberia, China, Philippines, Zambia, Nicaragua, Belize, Zimbabwe, Peru, Italy, Tanzania, Ecuador, Ghana, Congo, Senegal, Finland, Cameroon, Mongolia
In this 2012 edition of Moving Forward, FAO Forestry is pleased to present a selection of the work it undertook in the 2010-2011 biennium for the benefit of the global forestry community. The FAO Forestry Programme encompasses a vast range of activities and projects, of which this booklet presents only a sample. In all regions of the world, the Programme is helping to implement sustainable forest management and boost the livelihoods of forest-dependent people. It does this, in part, by improving information on forests.
Library ResourceNational PoliciesJanuary, 2011Burkina Faso
Dans le cadre de relever les défis majeurs qui persistent en matière de développement du capital humain, de consolidation de la gouvernance, de la croissance ainsi que d’autres préoccupations transversales telles que la préservation de l’environnement et la promotion du genre, le Burkina Faso a élaboré le Programme d’Actions du Gouvernement pour l’Emergence et le Développement Durable (PAGEDD) pour la période 2011-2015.
Library ResourceNational PoliciesJanuary, 2011Jordan
This Executive Development Program for the years 2011-2013 has been launched to complement the previous development programs and to serve as an action plan for the government for the next stage.
Library ResourceInternational Conventions or TreatiesOctober, 2011Poland, Ukraine, Belarus
The purpose of this Agreement is to create a transboundary biosphere reserve "West Polesie", consisting of three national biosphere reserves, and cooperation on protection and sustainable development of the region in conformity with UNESCO's "Man and the Biosphere" (MAB) program. The Parties shall promote cooperation in the field of protection and sustainable use of biological and landscape diversity of the transboundary biosphere reserve "Western Polesie”.
Library ResourceLegislationSeptember, 2011Australia
This Act aims to implement obligations that Australia has under the Climate Change Convention and the Kyoto Protocol, create incentives for people to carry on certain offsets projects and to increase carbon abatement in a manner that is consistent with the protection of Australia’s environment and that improves resilience to the effects of climate change.The Act sets up a scheme for the issue of Australian carbon credit units in relation to eligible offsets projects.
Library ResourceLegislationOctober, 2011Latvia
The Law determines principles for spatial development planning in Latvia. Its purpose is to ensure such spatial development planning that would raise the quality of the living environment, ensure sustainable, effective and rational use of territories and other resources, as well as targeted and balanced development of economy.
Library ResourceNational PoliciesJanuary, 2012Gabon
Afin de concilier le projet « Gabon Emergent » et le développement durable, notamment dans sa dimension climatique, le Gabon a élaboré son Plan National Climat. Le Plan National Climat est basé sur la connaissance du potentiel de ressources dont dispose le Gabon et le respect des principes du développement durable, de bonne gouvernance et d’équité intergénérationnelle dans l’exploitation des ressources naturelles du Gabon.
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