In this paper, we use an actor-oriented perspective to explore the nature and extent of conflict and negotiation with regard to land use and tenure among the Iban of Sarawak. The Iban are shifting cultivators who have long been involved in smallholder cash crops.
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Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationAugust, 2011Malaysia
Library ResourceJuly, 2011
CRP 1.1 was presented at the 4th Fund Council Meeting in April 2011. CRP1.1 targets the poor and highly vulnerable populations of the dry areas. It aims to develop technology, policy and institutional innovations to improve livelihoods, using an integrated systems approach. The program focuses on four strategic research themes (SRTs ) which cut across five focus regions. This CRP was approved with conditions at the meeting and subsequently received unconditional approval of inception phase & conditional approval of overall program & budget on Nov. 9, 2011.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsNovember, 2011Global
This short briefing provides information for investors and lenders on the importance to develop a due diligence ‘risk framework’ to identify, mitigate and prevent the adverse impacts of their investment decisions. It provides links to additional resources on the topic.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchApril, 2011Global
The Voluntary Guidelines for the Sustainable Management of Natural Tropical Forests constitute an international reference document for the development and improvement of national and subnational guidelines for the sustainable management of natural tropical forests. They also provide a reference on technical issues at the macro (landscape) and micro (forest management unit) scales.
Library ResourceManuals & GuidelinesJanuary, 2012Global
This Guidance Note provides guidance for investors and companies on the requirements contained in the IFC Performance Standards for issues linked to involuntary resettlement as part of project-related land acquisition. It offers guidance to minimise adverse impacts on displaced persons and host communities, and to improve the livelihoods of those affected by resettlement.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksJune, 2011Sierra Leone
This paper assesses the extent to which customary governance in Sierra Leone can be held responsible for an increasingly unstable two‐class agrarian society. A case is made for regarding the civil war (1991–2002) as being an eruption of long‐term, entrenched agrarian tensions exacerbated by chiefly rule. Evidence is presented to suggest that the main rebel movement embodied in its plans to reorganize agricultural production some grasp of these longer‐term agrarian problems. Postwar attempts to implement co‐operative farming and mining are then described.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksJuly, 2011Africa, Sierra Leone
Was the civil war in Sierra Leone (1991-2002) fought for diamonds, or was it a peasant insurgency motivated by agrarian grievances? The evidence on both sides is less than conclusive. Ibis article scrutinizes the peasant insurgency argument via a more rigorous methodology. Hypotheses concerning intra-peasant tensions over marriage and farm labour are derived from an examination of the anthropological literature.
Library ResourceNational PoliciesJanuary, 2011Niger
Au Niger, l’Initiative Grande Muraille Verte Sahélo-Sahélienne vise, à l’horizon 2035, le développement des communautés locales à travers une approche novatrice et inclusive consistant à mettre en synergie les actions de lutte contre la désertification, de conservation de la biodiversité, de lutte contre les changements climatiques et d’appui aux systèmes de production agro-sylvo-pastorale. La finalité étant de reverdir le Niger et de contribuer à une sécurité alimentaire durable des populations et du cheptel.
Library ResourceRegulationsJanuary, 2011Liberia
This Regulation of the Forestry Development Authority (FDA) implements provisions of the Community Rights Law of 2009 with Respect to Forest Lands ("Community Rights Law"), and determines the rules, guidelines and procedures for the establishment of authorized forest communities and to access, manage, use and the benefits of forest resources within the Republic of Liberia, and participation by communities in the reforestation, rehabilitation and conservation of forest and wildlife resources in Liberia.
Library ResourceNational PoliciesJanuary, 2011Chad
Face la complexité des défis à relever et de la faiblesse en ressources humaines, techniques et financières nécessaires pour faire face aux multiples préoccupations des zones qui ont été longtemps marginalisées, le Tchad a élaboré la présente Stratégie Nationale et Plan d’Actions pour la Mise en Oeuvre de l’Initiative Grande Muraille Verte au Tchad.
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