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Search resultsShowing items 1 through 9 of 52.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2017Lebanon, Western Asia
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2017Sri Lanka
Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectro-radiometer (MODIS) time-series Normalized Differential Vegetation Index (NDVI) products are regularly used for vegetation monitoring missions and climate change analysis. However, satellite observation is affected by the atmospheric condition, cloud state and shadows introducing noise in the data. MODIS state flag helps in understanding pixel quality but overestimates the noise and hence its usability requires further scrutiny. This study has analyzed MODIS MOD09A1 annual data set over Sri Lanka.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2017Kenya, Nigeria, Uganda, Burundi, Madagascar, Zimbabwe, Tanzania, Sudan, Ghana, Ethiopia, Malawi, Sub-Saharan Africa, Africa, Eastern Africa
Our goal is to provide the scientific basis for development investments and policies that promote more productive, profitable agriculture, and healthier diets at no environmental cost. Low-income, smallholder farmers face significant challenges across sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). High population growth is coinciding with migration to the cities as younger populations seek out higher income-earning opportunities. Inadequate infrastructure and few markets for agricultural production in rural areas, for example, are leading to stagnated opportunities for smallholders.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsDecember, 2017Ethiopia, Africa, Eastern Africa
The agriculture sector is the backbone of Ethiopia’s economy and livelihoods. Yet, heavy reliance on rain-fed systems has made the sector particularly vulnerable to variability in rainfall and temperature. Climate change may decrease national gross domestic product (GDP) by 8–10% by 2050, but adaptation action in agriculture could cut climate shock-related losses by half. • Climate risk management interventions and long-term adaptation actions need to match localized vulnerabilities and impacts.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsSeptember, 2017Tanzania, Africa, Eastern Africa
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsSeptember, 2017Nepal, Asia, Southern Asia
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsSeptember, 2017Bangladesh, Asia, Southern Asia
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2017Mali, Western Africa
Studies on the enabling factors for household food security (HFS) most often used simplified econometric models looking into the links with a selected set of variables. In this research, a livelihood approach of HFS was used and aimed at determining the most significant livelihood assets for HFS in dryland agricultural systems. Elements of the five livelihood assets were assessed through questionnaire surveys with a random sample of 180 households, and six focus group discussions in three communities along the rural-urban continuum, in Southern Mali.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2017South America
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsSeptember, 2017Bhutan, Asia, Southern Asia
The climate-smart agriculture (CSA) concept reflects
an ambition to improve the integration of agriculture
development and climate responsiveness. It aims to
achieve food security and broader development goals
under a changing climate and increasing food demand.
CSA initiatives sustainably increase productivity, enhance
resilience, and reduce/remove greenhouse gases (GHGs),
and require planning to address tradeoffs and synergies
between these three pillars: productivity, adaptation, and