This chapter is a case study that tests hypotheses in order to determine if political factors can reduce violence in cases of climate-change-induced or -aggravated agro-pastoral conflicts over natural resources. Three West African countries were selected because of their common socio-economic and environmental characteristics and because they host comparable farmer–herder conflicts: Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana. The level of farmer–herder conflicts is estimated to have risen between 1960 and 2000 in the three countries.
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Library ResourceReports & ResearchOctober, 2016Burkina Faso, Ghana, Ivory Coast
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2016India
Traditionally, Indian farmers kept bovines, especially cattle, for draught purposes in agriculture and transportation with milk as an adjunct. However, with increasing farm mechanization and rising demand for milk, the bovine functions have shifted more towards dairying. While bovine population has been increasing, the chronic scarcity of feed and fodder reinforces the need for optimization of bovine population for sustainable growth of dairying.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2016Ethiopia
Sustainable participatory watershed management is an approach promoted by the Ethiopian government to restore natural resources and agricultural productivity across the country. This comparative study between six watershed programs shows that this approach increases farmers’ food security and incomes (around 50% on average), as well as their resilience to drought and other climate shocks. However, the study also confirms that the nature and scale of impact can vary significantly between watershed programs.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchSeptember, 2016Kenya, Burkina Faso, Benin, India, Ethiopia, Africa, Eastern Africa
Library ResourceDecember, 2016Ethiopia, Africa, Eastern Africa
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2016Bangladesh
The impact of shallow subsurface drainage was investigated as a pilot study on a 0.13 ha plot of a farmer’s field located in Batiaghata, Khulna District, Bangladesh, in the floodplain of the Bay of Bengal. The drainage design differed from traditional subsurface tile drains in two respects: (i) the depth of drains was shallow (30 cm); and (ii) the design did not include a sump and accessories such as pumps (drainage outlets were tidal).
Library ResourceManuals & GuidelinesOctober, 2016Global
This guide aims to help enterprises observe standards of responsible business conduct and undertake due diligence along agricultural supply chains in order to ensure that their operations contribute to sustainable development. It provides information on
• a model enterprise policy outlining the standards that enterprises should observe to build responsible agricultural supply chains,
Library ResourceRegulationsDecember, 2016Belarus
Item 4.9 shall be amended to add the following wording: “National budget shall finance mapping of the boundaries of land plots allotted to peasant farms for family farming, legalization of rights to agricultural land plots and bonus payment to purchase prices applicable for purchase of agricultural commodities form smallholders”.
Amends: Decree No. 16 of the Ministry of Agriculture and Food validating the Instruction on financing out of national budget agricultural production, fishfarming and processing of agricultural commodities. (2016-04-29)
Library ResourceLegislationMarch, 2016Russia
Article 4 shall be amended to add the following wording: “Maximum agricultural land area that can be in ownership or in land tenure with the application of other land rights of citizens performing family farming shall be 2,5 ha”.
Amends: Regional Law No. 98 “On land management”. (2012-06-27)
Library ResourceLegislationJanuary, 2016Russia
This Regional Law sets forth a series of arrangements for state support of smallholders (family subsistence farming) with a view of increase of employment and improvement of economic conditions of rural population, promotion of regional food market, and delimits plenary powers of state bodies in the aforesaid sphere. Agricultural commodities produced by smallholders shall be their property, and vending of cash crops shall not be considered entrepreneurial activity. Either urban land or agricultural land in rural areas can be used for family subsistence farming.
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