The province of Punjab is the main food basket of India. In recent years, many regions of Punjab are facing acute waterlogging problems and increased secondary salinity, which have negative impacts on food security of the nation. In particular, these problems are more pronounced in the Muktsar district of Punjab. The observed groundwater levels trend between 2005 and 2011 implies that groundwater levels are coming towards the land surface at the rate of 0.5 m/year in Lambi and Malout blocks.
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Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2016India
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2017
Library ResourceReports & ResearchMarch, 2018Burkina Faso, Africa, Western Africa
This report provides a synthesis on land degradation assessments conducted for two countries (Kenya and
Burkina Faso) at different scales. The task mainly involved identifying hotspot areas of degradation that require priority management interventions. The approach involves modelling, stakeholder engagement and field validation.
In the report, we refer to land degradation as the persistent loss of ecosystem function and productivity caused by disturbances from which the land cannot recover unaided.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsOctober, 2017Tanzania, Uganda, Africa, Eastern Africa
Better soil health can increase agricultural productivity. Restoration activities can build on-farm resilience and contribute to climate change adaptation and mitigation.
Land and soil health surveys can improve crop modeling predictions under various climate scenarios and guide more targeted interventions.
Currently, most assessments of land and soil health do not consider the social, ecological, and biophysical constraints, or acknowledge the variations in the landscape.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2017Kenya, Rwanda, Uganda, Burundi, Tanzania, Africa, Eastern Africa, Middle Africa
Food security entails having sufficient, safe, and nutritious food to meet dietary needs. The need to optimise nitrogen (N) use for nutrition security while minimising environmental risks in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is overdue. Challenges related to managing N use in SSA can be associated with both insufficient use and excessive loss, and thus the continent must address the ‘too little’ and ‘too much’ paradox. Too little N is used in food production (80% of countries have N deficiencies), which has led to chronic food insecurity and malnutrition.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2016Central America, South America
Degraded lands—lands that have lost some degree of their natural productivity through human activity—account for over 20 percent of forest and agricultural lands in Latin America and the Caribbean. Some 300 million hectares of the region’s forests are considered degraded, and about 350 million hectares are now classified as deforested. The agriculture and forestry sectors are growing and exerting great pressure on natural areas. With the region expected to play an increasingly important role in global food security, this pressure will continue to ratchet up.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2014
Assessing forest changes is the baseline requirement for successful forest management. Measurement, Reporting, and Verification (MRV) are three essential components for achieving such assessments. Community participation in resource monitoring and management is increasingly seen as a scientifically efficient, cost-effective, and equitable way to employ such practices, particularly in the context of REDD+. We developed a multidisciplinary approach to study the feasibility of Participatory MRV (PMRV) across three sites along a forest degradation gradient in Indonesia.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2015Myanmar
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2016
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsOctober, 2017Global
The current pressures on land are huge and expected to continue growing: there is rapidly escalating competition between the demand for land functions that provide food, water, and energy, and those services that support and regulate all life cycles on Earth.
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