Send a Cow (SAC) is a nongovernmental organization (NGO) that has been working in Kenya since 1996. It focuses on groups of smallholder farmers, providing them with training in sustainable agriculture and improved animal management. SAC is mostly active in western Kenya, one of the country's most populated and poorest region. The population density for this region ranges from 337 to 1,300 inhabitants per km² with an average density of 590 people per km2 (Kenya Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, 2001; KNBS, 2010).
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Library ResourceReports & ResearchOctober, 2018Kenya, Eastern Africa, Africa
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2018Uganda, Africa, Eastern Africa
This study aims to explain effects of soil textural class, topography, land use, and land use history on soil greenhouse gas (GHG) fluxes in the Lake Victoria region. We measured GHG fluxes from intact soil cores collected in Rakai, Uganda, an area characterized by low‐input smallholder (<2 ha) farming systems, typical for the East African highlands. The soil cores were air dried and rewetted to water holding capacities (WHCs) of 30, 55, and 80%. Soil CO2, CH4, and N2O fluxes were measured for 48 h following rewetting.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsDecember, 2017Ethiopia, Africa, Eastern Africa
The agriculture sector is the backbone of Ethiopia’s economy and livelihoods. Yet, heavy reliance on rain-fed systems has made the sector particularly vulnerable to variability in rainfall and temperature. Climate change may decrease national gross domestic product (GDP) by 8–10% by 2050, but adaptation action in agriculture could cut climate shock-related losses by half. • Climate risk management interventions and long-term adaptation actions need to match localized vulnerabilities and impacts.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsSeptember, 2017Zambia, Africa, Southern Africa
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsSeptember, 2017Tanzania, Africa, Eastern Africa
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsSeptember, 2017Mozambique, Southern Africa, Africa
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsOctober, 2017Tanzania, Uganda, Africa, Eastern Africa
Better soil health can increase agricultural productivity. Restoration activities can build on-farm resilience and contribute to climate change adaptation and mitigation.
Land and soil health surveys can improve crop modeling predictions under various climate scenarios and guide more targeted interventions.
Currently, most assessments of land and soil health do not consider the social, ecological, and biophysical constraints, or acknowledge the variations in the landscape.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2017Ethiopia, Africa
Development partners and public investors assume that spate irrigation reduces household poverty and malnutrition. This article examines whether the poverty profiles of smallholder farmers and the nutritional outcomes of their children have improved as a result of using spate irrigation. The study areas were in two regional states in Ethiopia. Twenty-five users each, both from traditional and modern spate irrigation schemes, and an equal number of non-users responded to a structured questionnaire.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsSeptember, 2018Zimbabwe, Africa
The climate-smart agriculture (CSA) concept reflects an ambition
to improve the integration of agriculture development and climate
responsiveness. It aims to achieve food security and broader
development goals under a changing climate and increasing food
demand. CSA initiatives sustainably increase productivity, enhance
resilience, and reduce/remove greenhouse gases (GHGs), and
require planning to address trade-offs and synergies between
these three pillars: productivity, adaptation, and mitigation .
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsDecember, 2017Uganda, Africa, Eastern Africa