This research was undertaken as a Ph.D. dissertation (Stanford University) in conjunction with the ILCA programme in Niamey, Niger. The objective of the research was similar to that of the World Bank studies: to test how land tenure affects land-improving investment, agricultural productivity and resource management. The standard hypothesis is that land tenure that is non-exclusive insecure or non-transferable will lead to under-investment and depressed factor mobility.
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Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 1994Niger, Africa, Western Africa
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsDecember, 1998Ethiopia, Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Eastern Africa
A major argument put forward in favour of individualised land rights in sub-Saharan Africa is that farmlands held under exclusive and secure rights are more productive than farmlands held under other public or customary forms of tenure. If true, this argument implies that reforms to individualise land improve production efficiency and relegate efforts to develop technologies to a secondary position.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsDecember, 1988Nigeria, Africa, Western Africa
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 1994Ethiopia, Africa, Eastern Africa
This research is being undertaken as an ILCA project with support from the Rockefeller Post-Doctoral Fellowship Programme. There are three objectives. One objective is very similar to that of the World Bank and Niger studies: to determine the effects of land tenure on investment, productivity and efficiency in crop-livestock systems in the Ethiopian highlands.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2002Kenya, Africa, Eastern Africa
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 1994Africa, Western Africa
IITA developed alley cropping (also called hedgerow intercropping by ICRAF) in the mid 1970s to alleviate the problems of reduced soil fertility, reduced yields and soil erosion that were associated with population growth and reduced fallow periods. In the early 1980s this technology was adapted by ILCA to serve as a source of feed. On-farm research was conducted in two locations of South-West and South-East Nigeria. The locations differ in terms of population density, soil fertility, land tenure and typical farm layout.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 1989Nigeria, Africa, Western Africa
Grazing reserves in Nigeria are areas set aside for the use of pastoralists and are intended to be the foci of livestock development. The stated purpose of grazing reserves is the settlement of nomadic pastoralists they offer security of tenure as an inducement to sedentarization through the provision of land for grazing and permanent water. This paper reviews problems associated with grazing reserves and offers suggestions to make them more productive and relevant to the needs of the intended beneficiaries.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 1992
This introductory paper raises general issues and poses questions that are pursued in the other papers. The initial premise of this paper is that impact cannot be discussed in isolation from the broader context of research and development and the overall priorities guiding the centres research, training, and networking activities.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 1994
This document reports the results of a small meeting of social scientists from ILCA and IFPRI held at ILCA. The workshop was conceived to summarize the results of studies previously conducted by ILCA and others, to identify priorities for future research; to provide guidance for future research - problems, methodology, locations, and resource requirements, and to consider specific proposals for future research and evaluate the areas of complementarity and/or overlap with other past or current projects.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsDecember, 1993
As the only international centre that is solely concerned with African livestock, ILCA has a responsibility to play a lead role in defining the agenda of research issues related to livestock development and environmental policy in Africa. This paper presents a framework appropriate for defining that agenda and for guiding analysis of particular research issues and gives some detail on how ILCA might approach the specific area of range management policy in the arid and semi-arid areas.