Anecdotal evidence suggests that conflicts over land and extractive resource developments are on the rise across Papua New Guinea. These micro-level conflicts have the potential to scaleup and feed into large-scale armed conflicts—such as those that occurred on Bougainville and in neighbouring Solomon Islands—which require costly external intervention. Against this backdrop, this paper examines PNG’s legally-mandated land mediation system in theory and practice. A number of weaknesses are identified and described; and a case study of an apparently successful “hybrid” approach is discussed.
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Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksMay, 2014Papua New Guinea
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationDecember, 2008Brunei Darussalam
Since 1984, the Sultanate of Brunei Darussalam has chartered its post-independence course through its proclaimed ideological compass of MIB (Melayu, Islam, Beraja). All three pillars of MIB – Malay culture, the religion of Islam, and the institution of an absolute Monarchy - are traditional, long standing Bruneian features, which have been expertly crafted in the last two decades to act as the filter by which modernisation and development can occur.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationMarch, 2009Singapore
The notion that the legal content of a jurisdiction is shaped and conditioned by the societal conditions of that jurisdiction finds special expression in Singapore tort law. Land is scarce in Singapore and this scarcity has three varying implications: (a) a high cost of housing, (b) a high building density, and (c) a high population density. Each aspect of the land scarcity problem has in turn led to responses from the Singapore courts in the area of tort law.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsMarch, 2016Ghana
This paper explores the role of Manhyia Palace, a traditional political office of the Asantehene (King of Asante Kingdom) in traditional land conflict management in Kumasi. Land conflicts remain a major hindrance to land use and tenure security in most parts of Ghana. Sometimes, the institutions governing land use and management are crucial to the occurrence and adjudication of these disputes. Consequently, statistics at the Accra High Court Registry shows that, land litigation ranks first in the number of cases pending with about 60,000 cases being registered in the superior courts.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2009China
Since the reform era began in 1978, there have been significant changes in the nature and incidence of disputes, conflicts, and social disturbances, as well as the mechanisms for addressing them. As with economic and governance reforms, the government has adopted a pragmatic, problem-solving approach as it has attempted to meet the broad and, at times, conflicting goals of justice and efficiency while maintaining sociopolitical stability and rapid economic growth.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsDecember, 2019Global
This Policy Brief presents a comprehensive review of the literature on environmental conflict and peacebuilding. It traces the development of the field from its beginnings in the 1980s until today, identifying several distinct stages which are characterised by specific research questions, approaches and findings. Based on this literature review the authors address major gaps and shortcomings as well as problematic implications of the research so far.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsJuly, 2019Sierra Leone
Investment into large-scale agribusiness projects in African post-conflict states is framed within broader economic reforms. On their surface, these projects boast of attracting much-needed infrastructure development, providing employment and shifts from subsistence agriculture to formal wage labor, and raising GDP.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksJune, 2008Global
Recent years have witnessed a resurgence of interest in indigenous, traditional and customary approaches to peace-making in the context of civil wars. Supporters claim that indigenous approaches to peacemaking are participatory and relationship-focused, and that peaceful outcomes have a higher chance of community adherence than template-style international peace interventions effected through the `liberal peace'. Using historical and contemporary examples, this article assesses the feasibility of a complementary relationship between customary and Western forms of peace-making.
Library ResourceLegislationApril, 2012New Zealand
The purpose of this Act, consisting of 123 sections divided into three Parts and four Schedules, is to give effect to certain provisions of the deed ofsettlement, which is a deed thatsettlesthe historical claims of Ngāti Pāhauwera.
Library ResourceNational PoliciesJanuary, 2017Madagascar
Les objectifs de cette Stratégie nationale sur la restauration des paysages forestiers et des infrastructures vertes (SNRPF) à Madagascar sont: une planification de l’aménagement du paysage et un processus décisionnel communautaires; une coopération intersectorielle efficace et une coordination entre agences gouvernementales aux niveaux national, infranational et local; un renforcement de la capacité des institutions locales à mieux gérer les conflits sur l’utilisation et la propriété des terres; et une amélioration des politiques visant à une gestion intégrée des terres.
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