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Showing items 1 through 9 of 26.
  1. Library Resource
    Webinar Report: Land in Post-Conflict Settings
    Reports & Research
    June, 2019
    Uganda, Myanmar, Global

    Post-war societies not only have to deal with continuing unpeaceful relations but also land-related conflict legacies, farmland and forest degradation, heavily exploited natural resources, land mines, a destroyed infrastructure, as well as returning refugees and ex-combatants. In the aftermath of war, access to and control of land often remains a sensitive issue which may precipitate tensions and lead to a renewed destabilization of volatile post-conflict situations.

  2. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    December, 2016

    自由事先知情同意是受国际人权标准保护的一项原则,同时也与自决权相联系。自由事先知情同意原则得到了《联合国土著民族权利宣言》、《生物多样性公约》及国际劳工组织《第169号公约》的支持 。本手册是粮农组织与若干协作组织自2015年7月启动协商进程以来的结晶本手册,是专为发展组织的项目从业人员设计的工具。

  3. Library Resource
    Customary Land Recognition in Zambia
    Reports & Research
    December, 2018
    Zambia

    From January 15 to February 6, 2018, the USAID’s Tenure and Global Climate Change Program and Land Portal Foundation co-facilitated a dialogue on experiences of documenting household and community-level customary rights in Zambia. The dialogue brought together the perspectives of government, traditional leaders, practitioners, civil society, and academics to consider how customary land documentation can contribute to national development goals and increased service delivery in rural and peri-urban areas.

  4. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    January, 2016
    South-Eastern Asia, Myanmar

    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: "In recent years, many governments globally have formally recognized community land and natural resource tenure, either based on existing customary practices or more recently established land governance arrangements.1 These tenure arrangements have been called by a variety of names, such as community, customary, communal, collective, indigenous, ancestral, or native land rights recognition. In essence, they seek to establish the rights of a group to obtain joint tenure security over their community’s land.

  5. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    January, 2016
    Myanmar, South-Eastern Asia

    CONCLUSION:
    "A developing country like Lao PDR is struggling to gain recognition from other countries
    in the world. This requires that the country applies a human rights perspective to
    governance of land. In this case the land rights are the rights of the ethnic groups in the
    uplands that practice customary communal tenure. These groups would like the
    government to accept and register their communal land use legally. The first step
    towards this is in the development of the National Land Use Policy which is still in draft.

  6. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    Myanmar, South-Eastern Asia

    The governance of natural resources used by many individuals in common is an issue of increasing concern to policy analysts. Both state control and privatisation of resources have been advocated, but neither the state nor the market have been uniformly successful in solving common pool resource problems. Offering a critique of the foundations of policy analysis as applied to natural resources, Elinor Ostrom here provides a unique body of empirical data to explore conditions under which common pool resource problems have been satisfactorily or unsatisfactorily solved.

  7. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    February, 2014
    Myanmar, South-Eastern Asia

    A Report to Enhance Discussions about
    Customary Land Rights in Burma.....This purpose of this paper is to present a brief summary of the
    issues and current
    situations facing ethnic and indigenous communities around the
    world that are
    using a customary rights framework to manage their land and natural resources.
    By outlining these experiences, ethnic groups in Burma will be
    able to better understand their own context and
    possibilities as they struggle to gain control over

  8. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    February, 2014
    Myanmar, South-Eastern Asia

    A Report to Enhance Discussions about Customary Land Rights in Burma.....This purpose of this paper is to present a brief summary of the
    issues and current
    situations facing ethnic and indigenous communities around the
    world that are
    using a customary rights framework to manage their land and natural resources.
    By outlining these experiences, ethnic groups in Burma will be
    able to better understand their own context and
    possibilities as they struggle to gain control over
    their lands during this transitional time. While examining how

  9. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    October, 2016
    Myanmar, South-Eastern Asia

    Abstract: "Global economic change and policy interventions
    are driving transitions from long-fallow swidden (LFS)
    systems to alternative land uses in Southeast Asia’s uplands.
    This study presents a systematic review of how these
    transitions impact upon livelihoods and ecosystem services
    in the region. Over 17 000 studies published between 1950
    and 2015 were narrowed, based on relevance and quality, to
    93 studies for further analysis. Our analysis of land-use
    transitions from swidden to intensified cropping systems

  10. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    Myanmar, South-Eastern Asia

    Elinor "Lin" Ostrom (born Elinor Claire Awan; August 7, 1933 – June 12, 2012) was an American political economist whose work was associated with the New Institutional Economics and the resurgence of political economy. In 2009, she shared the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences with Oliver E. Williamson for "her analysis of economic governance, especially the commons". To date, she remains the only woman to win The Prize in Economics.

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