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Showing items 1 through 9 of 28.
  1. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    October, 1985
    Ethiopia

    The main objectives of the cooperative societies of the 1960’s were the promotion, in accordance with cooperative principles and the requirements of social justice, of better living, better business and better methods of production by reducing the cost of credit, etc. Most of the societies then were farmers' cooperatives whose membership were composed of land owners, provincial and district Governors businessmen, etc. The leadership was also controlled by the same people.

  2. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    September, 1985
    Nigeria

    Nigeria has a land area of 925,768 km2 or approximately 92,4 million ha., which places her as the 14th largest country in Africa. With a population estimated at 80 million, every inhabitant theoretically has only 1.15 ha of land available for meeting basic economic, industrial and social needs. Lying between latitudes 4°N and 12°N, on the west coast of Africa and with 680 km of coastline, land is not homogenous and is therefore not fully accessible ant! utilizable for any or all of these basic needs.

  3. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December, 1985
    Democratic Republic of the Congo

    Le Zaïre est un pays aux dimensions continentales qui regroupe des centaines de tribus. Il en résulte une diversité de langues et coutumes, mais aussi de systèmes juridiques. Pendant la période précoloniale, le Zaïre, comme la plupart des pays africains, était régi par le droit traditionnel qui se caractérisait essentiellement par une forme rigide du système patriarcal, sauf dans certaines tribus qui pratiquaient le matriarcat.

  4. Library Resource
    January, 1985
    Nigeria, Sub-Saharan Africa

    This paper is based on a series of studies conducted by the author on the settlement problems, work roles and educational experiments among nomadic Fulani in Plateau, Bauchi and Kaduna States, Nigeria, from 1982 to 1984.The first part of this paper describes the land tenure system in northern Nigeria and the way in which it affects pastoral nomads and plans for their settlement. The second part discusses the Nigerian Government;s intention to educate nomads and gives the example of special schemes which have attempted to do this.

  5. Library Resource
    January, 1985
    Sierra Leone, Burkina Faso, Nigeria, Sub-Saharan Africa

    Attempts at settling or sedentarizing nomadic herders in semi-arid and arid regions have been largely unsuccessful, partly on account of the difficulty of restricting the movements of domestic livestock in areas where low and irregular rainfall lead to scant and unreliable sources of water and grazing. But for the herders in sub-humid regions, where both water and vegetation resources are much more reliable and substantial, there appear to be different possibilities.

  6. Library Resource
    January, 1985
    Sudan, Sub-Saharan Africa

    The enclosure of open rangeland and its allocation to individuals or groups is a component of many African livestock development projects. In project after project, however, pastoralists have declined to fence or reallocate ownership of their land according to project specifications. It would now appear that the promise of a more efficient system of livestock production and range management is not, in itself, sufficient to induce pastoralists to adopt a fenced system of ranching.

  7. Library Resource
    January, 1986
    Niger, Sub-Saharan Africa, Northern Africa, Western Asia

    The present paper is based on a participatory survey carried out in order to establish baseline information on a little known livestock production system and its role in local ecology and economy.The study is based on research in El Kala National Park (North East Algeria).This paper draws attention to some of the problems that arise in understanding the cost and benefit flows in pastoralist systems.

  8. Library Resource
    January, 1985
    Botswana, Sub-Saharan Africa, Europe

    Botswana's meat export parastatal, the Botswana Meat Commission (BMC), has been much in the local news. Cattle suppliers have become accustomed to substantial annual producer price increases from this successful national industry, which has expanded increasingly into European markets. But at the end of 1984 it was announced that there would be no bonus paid and no price increase for 1985. This was later changed to a small 5% price increase, following producer pressure.

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