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Showing items 1 through 9 of 1146.
  1. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    January, 2014
    Sierra Leone

    Since 2004, the World Bank has provided continuous “investment climate advisory services” to Sierra Leone. Business reforms and Bank-piloted programs such as Sierra Leone Business Forum and the Sierra Leone Investment and Export Promotion Agency led to the World Bank classifying Sierra Leone among “the top 15 economies that improved their business regulatory environment the most” since 2005 and rank the country third in the regional “Protection of Investors” category.

  2. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2013
    Kenya, United States of America, Eastern Africa, Northern America

    Biodiversity in rangelands is decreasing, due to intense utilization
    for livestock production and conversion of rangeland into cropland;
    yet the outlook of rangeland biodiversity has not been
    considered in view of future global demand for food. Here we
    assess the impact of future livestock production on the global
    rangelands area and their biodiversity. First we formalized existing
    knowledge about livestock grazing impacts on biodiversity,
    expressed in mean species abundance (MSA) of the original

  3. Library Resource
    Institutional & promotional materials
    January, 2014
    Ethiopia, Eastern Africa

    Brochure on "Community based Rainfed Watershed Management" project. A collective research, learning & demonstration project for increasing productivity and adapting smallholder farmers to climate change in rainfed dry areas.

  4. Library Resource
    Institutional & promotional materials
    September, 2013
    Ethiopia, Eastern Africa

    Ethiopia has great agricultural potential as it has vast area of fertile land, diverse climate, sufficient annual rainfall, & abundant labor force. However, the current performance of agric. is far below the potential, partly due to soil erosion & land degradation, lack of using improved technologies, lack of supportive services, poor socioeconomic infrastructure, & many more interrelated socioeconomic factors. Consequently, food insecurity & poverty have remained common features in the rural community.

  5. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2013
    Kenya

    The land question in many African countries has geographical, political, economic, social and demographic nuances. These factors color land and resource rights for pastoral and forest dwelling communities. Land as property draws from the universality of the theory of property in time and space with the earliest theoretical explanations of property being occupation of land and where property belonged of right to him who seized it first. Land therefore represents the earliest form of property and includes resources on the land such as trees; pasture; water and wetlands.

  6. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2013
    Kenya

    Livestock production is the main source of livelihood in the arid and semi-arid lands in Africa. However, desertification characterized by vegetation degradation and soil erosion is a major threat to the sustainability of land-based production systems. Native rangeland forage species Cenchrus ciliaris L. (Buffel grass/African foxtail grass), Eragrostis superba Peyr. (Maasai love grass) and Enteropogon macrostachyus (Hochst. Ex A. Rich.) Monro ex Benth. (Bush rye grass) have been used to combat desertification.

  7. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2013
    Kenya

    Nitrogen (N) fixation was estimated for three Acacia senegal (L.) (A. senegal) Willd. varieties (A. senegal var. senegal, kerensis, and leiorhachis) growing naturally in different sites in the dryland areas of Kenya. The quantities of N2 fixed were estimated by the 15N natural abundance method, using leaves as the sampling material. Balanites aegyptiaca (B. aegyptiaca) was selected as the reference species growing in the same area. Soil samples were also collected under A. senegal trees for nodule assessment. Leaf 15N natural abundance values (δ15N) were significantly different between A.

  8. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2013
    Kenya

    Natural disasters disrupt people's lives through displacements, destruction of livelihoods and property, deaths, and injuries. Consequently, they take back years of development, thus posing a major challenge to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals especially the target of halving extreme poverty by 2015 and Kenya's set development goals as contained in Vision 2030.

  9. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    June, 2013
    Kenya

    Land conflicts are increasingly becoming common in Kenya's major urban areas and are blamed by scholars and
    politicians alike on colonial planning and rule, which ended more than 40 years ago. The regulations on land use
    I planning and public land allocation processes are also seen to have exacerbated the problems with the prevailing
    institutional arrangements further providing the impetus for unequal access to the 'land resource. Corruption and

  10. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    December, 2013
    Kenya

    Strong gradients of decreasing soil fertility are found with increasing distance from the homestead within smallholder farms in Vihiga-Kenya. Nutrient use efficiency varies strongly between fields along these gradients of soil fertility. There is continuous accumulation of nutrients in areas around the homestead at the expense of nutrient depletion in further and larger fields. Unequal distribution of nutrients on the farm causes differences in yield with more yields being obtained in some areas on the farm than others.

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