This chapter is a case study that tests hypotheses in order to determine if political factors can reduce violence in cases of climate-change-induced or -aggravated agro-pastoral conflicts over natural resources. Three West African countries were selected because of their common socio-economic and environmental characteristics and because they host comparable farmer–herder conflicts: Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana. The level of farmer–herder conflicts is estimated to have risen between 1960 and 2000 in the three countries.
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Library ResourceReports & ResearchOctober, 2016Burkina Faso, Ghana, Ivory Coast
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsApril, 2016Sierra Leone
The land grabbing issue has produced a plethora of debates ranging from ethical conduct of land grabbing agents, specifically concerning displacement, to evidence for and against positive externalities such as technological spill-overs and construction of infrastructure. An underexplored topic is the valuation of agricultural land and the compensatory payments made to land users, distinct from land owners, for the loss of their source of food security.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJanuary, 2017Eastern Africa, Tanzania
Arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid areas cover 61 % of Tanzania (United Republic of Tanzania, 1999) and, over the past decades, several restoration projects have worked toward reversing degradation in these areas (Kikula, 1999; Kisanga et al., 1999). These projects have addressed from social and ecological perspectives and have spanned for decades, thereby allowing for a genuine opportunity to identify and articulate lessons learned and develop good practice guidelines for restoring productive capacity of drylands.
Library ResourceInstitutional & promotional materialsJune, 2016Ethiopia, Eastern Africa
Presentation on A Gendered Participatory Approach to Promote Adoption of Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Strategies
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsFebruary, 2016Burkina Faso, Niger, Western Africa
This is a comprehensive literature review of land restoration activities in West Africa Sahel.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJanuary, 2016Malawi, Eastern Africa
According to the Malawi Land Act of 1965, three categories of land tenure exist in the country. These are private, public and customary land. Private land is all land held under a freehold title, a leasehold title or land registered under the Registered Land Act of 1967. Public land is all land occupied by the government while customary land is all land held, occupied or used under customary law (Peters & Kambewa, 2007; Kishindo, 1994:57).
Library ResourceInstitutional & promotional materialsJanuary, 2016Malawi, Eastern Africa
Understanding the gendered tenurial niches in the informal irrigation in the Kandeu, Malawi
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsMarch, 2016Ethiopia, Eastern Africa
The goals of this review are to: (i) identify options with proven success and high potential for up-scaling in Ethiopian drylands, (ii) analyze factors underlying relative success in different agro-ecologies and under different institutional conditions, and (iii) assess options that may have high potential in areas and systems without well proven successful options.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksJuly, 2016Zimbabwe, Eastern Africa
Maternal season defined, as the prevailing environmental conditions during crop growth has been
known to influence not only grain yield but also seed quality. A laboratory and field experiment were
conducted in October 2014, to determine the influence of total rainfall and mean monthly
temperature on germination, vigor and emergence of sorghum seeds which were harvested from
three different seasons and were kept under controlled conditions. The laboratory experiment was
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksMarch, 2016Angola, Botswana, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Southern Africa
Variability in woody plant species, vegetation assemblages and anthropogenic activities derails the efforts to have common approaches for estimating biomass and carbon stocks in Africa. In order to suggest management options, it is important to understand the vegetation dynamics and the major drivers governing the observed conditions. This study uses data from 29 sentinel landscapes (4640 plots) across the southern Africa. We used T-Square distance method to sample trees.
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