Changes in climate that intensify drought and accelerate the spread of livestock parasites and diseases darken the economic future for sub-Saharan pastoralists. Already stressed, as industrial and urban development narrow their access to pastures and water for their animals, many pastoralists face a bleak choice: abandon their livestock and their cultural heritage or die. In Uganda, however, the outlook for pastoralists is becoming much brighter. Thousands of pastoralists in Uganda point the way toward a better option: commercial milk production.
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Library ResourceReports & ResearchNovember, 2018Uganda, Africa, Eastern Africa
Library ResourceReports & ResearchNovember, 2018Kenya, Eastern Africa, Africa
Index-based livestock insurance (IBLI) is a donor-funded programme aimed at designing, developing and implementing market-mediated, index-based insurance products to protect livestock keepers, particularly in the drought-prone arid and semi-arid lands (ASALs), from drought-related asset losses. The IBLI index is based on satellite data, which measure the quality of the pastureland every 10–16 days. These data are inputs to a statistical model of livestock mortality developed using historical data from the region.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2018Kenya, India, Ethiopia, Asia, Central Asia, Africa, Eastern Africa
Agriculture is a major contributor to climate change,
emitting the three major greenhouse gases (GHGs) –
carbon dioxide (CO2), methane and nitrous oxide – into the
atmosphere. According to the Fifth Assessment Report of
the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC),
the Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use sector “is
responsible for just under a quarter (~10–12 Gt CO2eq/yr) of
[all] anthropogenic GHG emissions mainly from deforestation
and agricultural emissions from livestock, soil and nutrient
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksJanuary, 2019Sierra Leone
The rise of land deals poses unpredictable risks to war-torn societies, exposing them to the violent folds of the global economy. In Sierra Leone, commercial land leases have perpetuated the chieftaincy monopoly, further curtailed social mobility, and sparked particular resentment among youths and ex-combatants. Drawing on the concept of the “war machine,” I analyse how Kamajor militia fighters shape contestation against land deals and explore the attendant risks for remobilisation and conflict transformation.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchMarch, 2019Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
These appendices refer to the summary report Assessing the costs of tenure risks to agribusinesses. The report is a product of the Quantifying Tenure Risk (QTR) initiative, a joint research programme conducted by the ODI and TMP Systems and funded by the UK Government.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsJune, 2015Africa, Malawi, Nigeria, Senegal, Tanzania
Ten African countries have signed up to the New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition – the G8 countries’ main strategy for supporting agriculture in Africa that was launched in 2012. As the New Alliance has been under way for three years, some of its likely impacts are becoming clearer. This briefing – covering Nigeria, Malawi, Tanzania and Senegal – shows that some large companies involved in the New Alliance are already accused of taking part in land grabs in some countries.