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Showing items 1 through 9 of 75.
  1. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    January, 2010
    Mali

    Does climate change drive conflict over land use in Mali?

    This study investigates the alleged relationship between climate change and conflicts, using the Inland Delta of the Niger River in Mali as a case study, where this region is an African hotspot area in terms of land use conflicts.

    The author emphasises that, despite the clear climate developments in the region throughout the last century, researchers are much less sure about future changes. Moreover, the paper finds that:

  2. Library Resource
    rapport_pastoralisme
    Reports & Research
    August, 2018
    Burkina Faso, Guinea, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria

    Why this study?
    Recent years have witnessed an increase in violent conflicts involving pastoralists in parts of West Africa and the Sahel. They often take the form of clashes between herders and farmers, impacting human, national and regional security.
    Given its mandate and role in conflict prevention, the United Nations Office for West Africa and the Sahel, in collaboration with the Economic Community of West African States, initiated this study in 2017 to examine the causes and identify concrete solutions to conflicts related to pastoralism.

  3. Library Resource
    Communal Violence in Mauritania and Senegal 1989-1992
    Reports & Research
    April, 2021
    Mauritania, Senegal

    A local famer-herder conflict over grazing rights in the Mauritanian-Senegal border region has triggered a spiral of violence between Senegalese and Mauritanians in the southern Senegal River bank and different Mauritanian cities. This escalation has to be understood against the background of persistent racism and discrimination of the ‘black’ population of Mauritania.

  4. Library Resource
    wrm bulletin

    WRM Bulletin 254 – Jan/Feb 2021

    Policy Papers & Briefs
    January, 2021
    Mozambique, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon, Liberia, Nigeria, Brazil, Ecuador, Venezuela, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand

    The articles in this Bulletin are written by the following organizations and individuals: National Coordinator for the Defense of the Mangrove Ecosystem (C-CONDEM), Ecuador; Yayasan Pusaka Bentala Rakya (Bentala Raya Heritage Foundation), Indonesia; Venezuelan Observatory of Political Ecology and members of the WRM international secretariat in close collaboration with several allies who are part of grassroots groups in different countries.

  5. Library Resource

    Volume 10 Issue 2

    Peer-reviewed publication
    February, 2021
    Ghana, Sub-Saharan Africa

    Despite the ongoing land administration reforms being implemented across sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), including Ghana, as a viable pathway to achieve tenure security and greater efficiency in land administration, the subject of land dispute resolution has received relatively less attention. Whereas customary tenure institutions play a central role in land administration (controlling ~80% of all land in Ghana), they remain at the fringes of the formal land dispute adjudicatory process.

  6. Library Resource

    Vol 3, No 1: January 2020, Special Issue 1 on Land Policy in Africa

    Peer-reviewed publication
    January, 2020
    Ghana

    Securing land rights of all including the youth to allow for investment is very imperative. This is because access to land is very fundamental to ending extreme poverty especially in the Sub-Saharan Africa where agriculture remains the economic backbone of majority of households.  To this end, access to fair and timeous land disputes resolution mechanism to adjudicate and resolve disputes which create tenure insecurity is critical. This study investigates land dispute cases and the resolution mechanisms among the youth land holders in the Techiman area of Ghana.

  7. Library Resource
    African Security
    Journal Articles & Books
    February, 2020
    Nigeria

    The recent spate of violence mostly in north-central and southern Nigeria, typically credited to conflicts between herders and farmers, and the reactions, narratives, and representations that have attended them, calls for an examination of core security questions: who or what is to be secured, from what threat and by what means. In fact, it could be further contextualized as: how is the conflict between farmers and herders constructed, framed, and represented as (in)security within the Nigerian context?

  8. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    May, 2020
    Nigeria

    Nigeria’s arid North West is beset by violence between herders and farmers, which has been compounded by an explosion in criminal activity and infiltration by jihadist groups into the region. The last decade has seen thousands of people killed and hundreds of thousands displaced, with many fleeing into Niger Republic next door. State-level peace efforts with several armed factions have had some success, but these will not prove durable unless more actors lay down their weapons.

  9. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    July, 2005
    Nigeria

    This paper considers possible answers to these difficult questions by focusing on two issues: the evolution of legal norms in response to both endogenous and exogenous changes, and the role that African customary law and indigenous dispute resolution has played in promoting coordination and cooperation among group members, thereby reducing violent conflict. This paper explores legislative actions taken by the Nigerian government that impede the continued evolution of these relatively elastic customary legal norms.

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