The effects of subsidies on the development of organic farming (OF) in the Czech Republic and in some selected EU countries are analysed in this article. The level of subsidies for OF in the Czech Republic is continuously increasing. In 1998, the total amount of subsidies was 48 million CZK, whereas in 2004, it increased to nearly 277 million CZK. The increase of subsidies led to an increase in the number of organic farms as well as the area under OF.
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Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsSeptember, 2007France, Belgium, Spain, Germany, Denmark, Italy, Austria, Netherlands, Czech Republic
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2007France, Netherlands, Belgium, Germany, Denmark, Italy, Europe
Several recent reports on cropland soil organic carbon (SOC) stock changes throughout Europe indicate a general continuing loss of SOC from these soils. As most arable soils in Europe are not in an equilibrium situation because of past changes in land-use and management practices, shifts in both have been suggested to drive this decline of SOC stocks. A lack of data has prevented the unambiguous verification of the contribution of these factors to SOC loss.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2007Belgium, Europe
Habitat loss and fragmentation are known to reduce patch sizes and increase their isolation, consequently leading to modifications in species richness and community structure. Calcareous grasslands are among the richest ecosystems in Europe for insect species. About 10% (1,150 ha) of the total area of a calcareous ridge region (Calestienne, Belgium) and its butterfly community was analysed over a timeframe of about 100 years.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2007Burkina Faso, Benin, Belgium, Kenya, Mali, Germany, Peru, Ethiopia, Niger, Mozambique, South Africa, Uganda, Madagascar, Italy, Tanzania, Portugal, India, Senegal, Sudan, France, Europe, Africa
This issue of Land Reform, Land Settlement and Cooperatives contains an interesting and wide-ranging set of contributions providing insights into land related issues ranging from Italy to the Central Andes, and from the historical development of sustainable tenure practices to aspects of agriculture sector planning. The eight articles featured open with that of Lavigne Delville, which addresses issues relating to insecurity of tenure in West Africa, and identifies what the paths of change currently appear to be.
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