The effects of subsidies on the development of organic farming (OF) in the Czech Republic and in some selected EU countries are analysed in this article. The level of subsidies for OF in the Czech Republic is continuously increasing. In 1998, the total amount of subsidies was 48 million CZK, whereas in 2004, it increased to nearly 277 million CZK. The increase of subsidies led to an increase in the number of organic farms as well as the area under OF.
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Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsSeptember, 2007France, Belgium, Spain, Germany, Denmark, Italy, Austria, Netherlands, Czech Republic
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsDecember, 2007Russia
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsMay, 2007Spain
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2007United States of America, Japan, China, India, Russia
Much is reported about the destruction of natural forests and the consequences for global warming, while on the other hand, exotic plantations in some regions struggle to gain public acceptance. The earth's population is projected to rise to around 9 billion by 2050, with a concomitant increase in demand for forest products. Inevitably, forests in general, and managed forest in particular, will be called on to provide an ever-increasing proportion of local supplies and the international wood trade.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsSeptember, 2007Spain
This paper aims to contribute further research on the conceptualization of agricultural multifunctionality through quantitative methods. The empirical analysis is based on a large dataset (Agrobarometre of Andalusia) consisting of self-reported measures of individual opinions on multifunctionality. Ordered probit models are proposed to analyze the extent to which individuals' perceptions of multifunctionality can be explained not only by individual and regional characteristics, but more importantly, by the preferences individuals have for a given type of agriculture.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsDecember, 2007Slovenia
In most mammalian species, body mass is one of the key factors affecting an individual's fitness. It is therefore important to know the causes of its variability. The present paper analyses the influences of habitat structure and other environmental factors on body mass in red deer. The research is based on data sets concerning 3,920 culled red deer from the entire Slovenia, which are geo-referenced within a kilometer spatial accuracy, and on 28 spatially explicit raster layers of population density, habitat structure variables (e.g.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsDecember, 2007Switzerland
The loss of reactive nitrogen from agriculture into the environment is a major threat to the global environment and a challenge for agri-environmental policy. We therefore investigate the problem of reducing nitrogen losses from agriculture into the environment from an economic perspective. Based on a recursive-dynamic linear programming model, our study reveals that the above difficulty is primarily due to the rigidities associated with the nutrientforage cycle and existing production structures.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsDecember, 2007Hungary, Austria
In 2003 a research study looked at the position of smallholders; the survey was carried outusing questionnaires and interviews. The 613 farms included in the survey were situated in 3counties in the Southern Great Plain of Hungary and in 3 counties of the Western part of thecountry (Transdanubia). The results of the survey showed that there was a firm tendency ofconcentration among the Hungarian individual farms. Though their average size is about 3 ha,the number and area of farms over 50 ha size are rapidly growing and taking a significant partof the total individual agricultural area.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsDecember, 2007Latvia
The ongoing processes in agriculture, and the national economy in general, as well as continuous targeted reconstruction of the European Union Common Agricultural and Rural Development Policy, and other processes of globalisation and international integration, steadily and directly resound to Latvia, and create new objectives related to the use of land. The agreement on rural development adopted during the European Union Salzburg Conference has also established or determined new functions for the use of land.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2007Denmark
This article presents an investigation of relationships between organic farming and landscape composition in Denmark. Landscape composition was analysed in terms of density of uncultivated landscape elements (I), number of land uses per hectare (II), diversity of land use (III) and mean field size (IV). Two analytical approaches were used. The first was based on an examination of the national agricultural registers for 1998, 2001 and 2004.