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Showing items 1 through 9 of 9.
  1. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    December, 2007
    Switzerland

    The loss of reactive nitrogen from agriculture into the environment is a major threat to the global environment and a challenge for agri-environmental policy. We therefore investigate the problem of reducing nitrogen losses from agriculture into the environment from an economic perspective. Based on a recursive-dynamic linear programming model, our study reveals that the above difficulty is primarily due to the rigidities associated with the nutrientforage cycle and existing production structures.

  2. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    December, 2007
    Hungary, Austria

    In 2003 a research study looked at the position of smallholders; the survey was carried outusing questionnaires and interviews. The 613 farms included in the survey were situated in 3counties in the Southern Great Plain of Hungary and in 3 counties of the Western part of thecountry (Transdanubia). The results of the survey showed that there was a firm tendency ofconcentration among the Hungarian individual farms. Though their average size is about 3 ha,the number and area of farms over 50 ha size are rapidly growing and taking a significant partof the total individual agricultural area.

  3. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    December, 2007
    Albania

    We make use of data from the 2005 Albania Living Standard Measurement Survey to investigate the factorsaffecting household agriculture efficiency and land market development. To assess the functioning of land rentalmarkets and explore efficiency- and equity impacts of land rental, we use a model of producers who differ inendowments and skills and who face imperfect labor markets and transaction costs. The empirical evidence, of astochastic frontier estimate, shows that productivity is low and most farms are inefficiently utilized.

  4. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    December, 2007
    Romania

    In Romania, farm restructuring is an ongoing process, largely conditioned by the legal frameworkthat accompanied the land reform during the transition period. After 1990, Romanian agricultureexperienced critical shifts in farming structures, reflected also in the production ones. Whilearable land represents 63% of the UAA, a restrictive production factor in developing acompetitive agriculture resides in the fact that 61.7% of total arable land is utilized in excessivelyfragmented family farms – 14303 thousands plots.

  5. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    December, 2007
    Hungary

    The paper discusses the fluctuation of the proportion of cultivation, the development of agrarian operating and organizational structure, the separation of estate tenancy and land use, along with the change of law. In the backward areas and territories with adverse endowment,further questions remain open during the temporal changes of land use. My study is not only limited to the description of changes, but also aims to illustrate general conclusions relating to the preferred structure and proportion of land use in Hungary.

  6. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    December, 2007
    Bulgaria, Eastern Europe

    This paper analyzes how imperfections of property rights affect allocation of assetsand welfare, using micro-survey data from Bulgaria. Co-ownership of assets iswidespread in many countries due to inheritance. Central and Eastern Europe offersan interesting natural experiment to assess the effects of such rights imperfectionsbecause of the asset restitution process in the 1990s.

  7. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    December, 2007
    Bulgaria, Eastern Europe

    This paper analyzes how imperfections of property rights affect allocation of assets andwelfare, using micro-survey data from Bulgaria. Co-ownership of assets is widespread inmany countries due to inheritance. Central and Eastern Europe offers an interestingnatural experiment to assess the effects of such rights imperfections because of the assetrestitution process in the 1990s.

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