Mediterranean regions are likely to be the most vulnerable areas to wildfires in Europe. In this context, land-use change has promoted land abandonment and the consequent accumulation of biomass (fuel) in (progressively less managed) forests and (non-forest) natural land, causing higher fire density and severity, economic damage, and land degradation. The expansion of Wildland-Urban Interfaces (WUIs) further affects fire density by negatively impacting peri-urban farming and livestock density.
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Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationJanuary, 2020Greece, Europe
News6 January 2020India
When Manjari was 23, she was elected the first woman pradhan in her village as well as in all of Himachal Pradesh. She hasn't looked back since.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationDecember, 2017Finland, Europe
In several regions in Europe, the horse is becoming a common grazer on semi-natural and cultivated grasslands, though the pasturing benefits for animals and biodiversity alike are not universally appreciated. The composition of ground vegetation on pastures determines the value of both the forage for grazing animals as well as the biodiversity values for species associated with the pastoral ecosystems. We studied three pastures, each representing one of the management types in southern Finland (latitudes 60–61): semi-natural, permanent and cultivated grassland.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsDecember, 2018Latvia, Italy
There are many methods to estimate wild ungulate populations. One of these is represented by observations from vantage points usually employed in medium-low covered forest areas to estimate cervids. This method is subject to some limitations, such as the risk of double counting and the necessity to a high number of operators due to the small size of the observable areas. Such limitations could be reduced by integrating the “vantage points method” with Remote Piloted Aircraft System (R.P.A.S.) surveys.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2011Europe
Modern agriculture has increased food production, improved food security and reduced poverty, but farming has also caused a considerable decrease in biodiversity, primarily through land-use intensification and overexploitation, along with excessive pesticide and water use, nutrient loading and pollution. The major purpose of agriculture is to ensure sustainable food production, adequate nutrition and stable livelihoods for all.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2010France
Once the conditions that led to the creation of the Société Civile des Terres du Larzac (SCTL) have been introduced, the companion modelling approach used with this group of farmers is presented. The agent-based model co-constructed with a group of researchers and technicians is then described, as well as the way it was used to confront scenarios developed by the SCTL to envision management options of the forest massif, with scenarios developed by the farmers to improve the current functioning of their farms
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsDecember, 2008Spain
The Spanish law Real Decreto 1469/2007 about the regulations of quality of Iberian pig meat, establishes limitations to the carrying capacity of Iberian pig in the dehesa (open oak parkland) and forces to the regional governments to make a programs of evaluation of acorn production at the beginning of each campaign, that will have to be based on agronomical, environmental, and topographical criteria, identifying each paddocks through SIGPAC.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2017Russia
The paper proves the necessity of making a system of technologies and machines for feed production as a necessary factor in the development of livestock breeding. The promising resource-saving technological groups include: radical improvement of natural forage lands; surface improvement of artificial hayfields and pastures and maintaining their productive service life with the use of combined machines; accelerated grassing of natural forage lands; and growing forage crops on the arable land.
Library ResourceLegislationMay, 2016Albania
This Law 49/2016 amends articles 5, 7, 14, 24, 26, 29 and 31 of Law 9693 of 2007. The amendments concern the ownership of the pasture fund now divided into a) the state pasture fund consisting of the pasture and lawns owned by the municipality managing their territory; and b) the private pasture fund consisting of the pasture and lawns in private property.The line ministry is the responsible authority for the protection and administration of the pasture fund in the protected areas.
Library ResourceLegislationFebruary, 2003Austria
The present Law lays down provisions relating to the right of wood and pasture exploitation in the Region of Carinthia. The text consists of 63 articles divided into 9 chapters as follows: General provisions (I); New regulation and regulation of traditional rights (II); Transfer of exploitation rights (III); Safeguard of rights of use (IV); Basic rights of wood cutting in case of need (V); Special field services (VI); Authorities and proceedings (VII); Penalties (VIII).
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