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Showing items 1 through 9 of 112.
  1. Library Resource

    Volume 9 Issue 12

    Peer-reviewed publication
    December, 2020

    Local commons are underutilized in resource management models, thus limiting the effectiveness of the commons concept. This study examined the actual situation of the local commons in Altanbulag soum, a suburb of Ulaanbaatar City, Mongolia, where land degradation is a concern, using the case study method. Interviews using semi-structured questionnaires were conducted with pastoralists. It investigated land use and pastoralists’ relationships to open-access summer pastures, summer camp selection, grazing practice, and acceptance of migrants.

  2. Library Resource
    Land Rights, Mining and Resistance: New Struggles on Mongolia’s Pastoral Commons
    Conference Papers & Reports
    July, 2008

    Since the collapse of the Soviet Union and agricultural decollectivisation, post-socialist rural contexts have afforded commons scholars particularly fertile ground for examination of institutional change and evolution under new modes of governance. In Mongolia, as elsewhere, such transformations have been characterised by the erosion of state influence and de jure and/or de facto devolution of land and resource rights.

  3. Library Resource
    Land Journal Volume 9 Issue 11 cover image

    Volume 9 Issue 11

    Peer-reviewed publication
    November, 2020
    United States of America, China, Russia

    Recently, improving technical efficiency is an effective way to enhance the quality of grass-based livestock husbandry production and promote an increase in the income of herdsmen, especially in the background of a continuing intensification of climate change processes.

  4. Library Resource
    Land Use and Land Tenure in Mongolia: A Brief History and Current Issues
    Conference Papers & Reports
    January, 2006

    This essay argues that an awareness of the historical relation- ships among land use, land tenure, and the political economy of Mongolia is essential to understanding current pastoral land use patterns and policies in Mongolia. Although pastoral land use patterns have altered over time in response to the changing political economy, mobility and flexibility remain hallmarks of sustainable grazing in this harsh and variable climate, as do the communal use and management of pasturelands.

  5. Library Resource
    Human Impact and Land Degradation in Mongolia
    Peer-reviewed publication
    December, 2013

    Climate warming and human actions both have negative impacts on the land cover of Mongolia, and are accelerating land degradation. Anthropogenic factors which intensify the land degradation process include mining, road erosion, overgrazing, agriculture soil erosion, and soil pollution, which all have direct impacts on the environment. In 2009–2010, eroded mining land in Mongolia increased by 3,984.46 ha., with an expansion in surrounding road erosion. By rough estimation, transportation eroded 1.5 million ha. of land.

  6. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2017
    China, Eastern Asia, Asia

    China has a rich resource of native sheep (Ovis aries) breeds associated with historical movements of several nomadic societies. However, the history of sheep and the associated nomadic societies in ancient China remains poorly understood. Here, we studied the genomic diversity of Chinese sheep using genome-wide SNPs, mitochondrial and Y-chromosomal variations in > 1,000 modern samples.

  7. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2015

    The recent increase in the number of tourists has raised serious concerns about grassland degradation by tourism activities in Inner Mongolia. Thus, we evaluated the effects of tourism activities on the vegetation and soil in Hulunbuir grassland. We identified all the plant species, measured the number and height of plants and plant coverage rate, calculated species diversity, and estimated above-ground biomass in the used plot and the non-use plot. We also examined soil hardness, and soil physical and chemical properties in both plots.

  8. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2015

    Grassland degradation has been caused by overgrazing in Inner Mongolia. Previous studies revealed the effect of grazing pressure on the vegetation and soil. However, that of different land use types (i.e., grazing and mowing) has not been fully understood, though land use has been dramatically changed from grazing to mowing after land contract system was introduced in 1996. The objective of this study, therefore, was to evaluate that effect on the vegetation and soil.

  9. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    September, 2016

    The Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster, which was triggered by the 2011 Tohoku earthquake, released large amounts of radio-nuclides. Soils in wide areas in eastern Japan were polluted by radioactive contamination. Polluted grazing lands are voluntarily unused even five years after the disaster because of the possibility of the consumption of polluted grass by cattle. Information on the spatial distribution of the radiation dose rate in soils and grasses is important for the management of the grazing land.

  10. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    April, 2013
    United States of America, Mongolia

    The spatial distribution of vegetation trends identified by time series analysis of the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) for the Mongolian grasslands was cross-referenced with the recently obtained land use/cover data and socioeconomic information in the geographic domain. Global Inventory Modeling and Mapping Studies (GIMMS) dataset with an 8-km resolution provided by the Global Land Cover Facility (GLCF) of the United States were used to compute the vegetation trends.

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