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Showing items 1 through 9 of 19.
  1. Library Resource
    June, 2013
    Albania, Azerbaijan, Moldova

    The study reviews the performance of
    four transition countries - Albania, Azerbaijan, the Kyrgyz
    Republic, and Moldova - in the areas of private, and
    financial sector development, identifying both their
    achievements, and challenges, to extract beneficial reform
    efforts, and alternative approaches, setting the pace for
    sustainable growth. These countries were selected because
    they are among the poorest in the region, whose problems are

  2. Library Resource
    August, 2013
    Albania

    This qualitative assessment of poverty
    in Albania seeks to deepen the understanding of poverty in
    the country, first, by involving poor Albanians in a process
    of exploring the causes, nature, extent of poverty, and how
    it affects their livelihoods. Second, it is intended to
    support the Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper
    (PRSP); third, it supports preparation of the Country
    Assistance Strategy (CAS), and the Living Standards

  3. Library Resource
    July, 2013
    Albania

    In 1989, Albania's rigid political
    and socioeconomic structure shattered beyond repair.
    Turbulence soon invaded every domain of life. As the state
    imploded, so did the state-run economy. This review explores
    ongoing consequences of this difficult transformation that
    took place since 1989 and of policy initiatives to mitigate
    or ameliorate its effects. Albania has been much studied;
    the review addresses important information gaps. It

  4. Library Resource
    June, 2012
    Albania

    Recent trends in Albania suggest that it
    has the potential for a modern and competitive agricultural
    sector, provided there is sufficient private investment and
    the right policy environment. This chapter looks at the role
    of agriculture in the economy and the current status of the
    sector, and outlines the implications of modernization and
    transformation of agriculture for rural areas. It also
    identifies trends and sources of growth for agriculture, and

  5. Library Resource
    August, 2013
    Albania

    This qualitative assessment of poverty
    in Albania seeks to deepen the understanding of poverty in
    the country, first, by involving poor Albanians in a process
    of exploring the causes, nature, extent of poverty, and how
    it affects their livelihoods. Second, it is intended to
    support the Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper
    (PRSP). Third, it supports preparation of the Country
    Assistance Strategy (CAS), and the Living Standards

  6. Library Resource
    July, 2013
    Albania

    Despite the impressive performance of
    the economy in the last five years, however, poverty in
    Albania has remained high, and per capita income, at around
    US$1,230 in 2002, has remained one of the lowest among
    transition economies. In an effort to adopt policies to
    share widely the benefits of growth, and reduce poverty, the
    Government outlined a poverty alleviation strategy in the
    2000 Interim Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (I-PRSP), and

  7. Library Resource
    May, 2012
    Albania

    In 1993, in response to persistent
    unemployment, and rising poverty and social unrest, the
    government of Albania introduced an anti-poverty program,
    namely Ndihma Ekonomike; in 1995 it was extended to all poor
    households. This paper estimates the separate effects of
    participation in this income support program and the old-age
    pension program on objective and subjective measures of
    household poverty. The analysis uses the nationally

  8. Library Resource
    June, 2012
    Albania

    In view of its increasing importance,
    and the dearth of information on return migration and its
    impacts on source households, this study uses data from the
    2005 Albania Living Standards Measurement Study survey and
    assesses the impact of past migration experience of Albanian
    households on non-farm business ownership through
    instrumental variables regression techniques. Moreover,
    considering the differences in earning potentials and

  9. Library Resource
    June, 2012
    Albania

    This sector report claims that in the
    three years between 2002 and 2005 alone, almost 235,000
    people have moved out of poverty in Albania. Strong economic
    growth and large inflow of remittances are at the center of
    this impressive achievement. However, low productivity of
    predominantly small family farms has put a drag on rural
    growth prospects. Moreover, Ndihma Ekonomike (NE) program,
    the means-tested income support program is small in scale,

  10. Library Resource
    July, 2014
    Albania

    Albania has undertaken major reforms in
    its system of local government finance since 2000. What had
    been a system in which local functions were ambiguous and
    financing was largely provided through tightly controlled
    earmarked grants is now one in which functions are
    relatively clear and local governments have more autonomy
    over the allocation of funds. A new system of competitive
    grants for infrastructure investment has been introduced.

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