Road expansion has played a prominent role in the agrarian transition that marked the integration of swidden-based farming systems into the market economy in Southeast Asia. Rural roads deeply altered the landscape and livelihood structures by allowing the penetration of boom crops such as hybrid maize in remote territories. In this article, we investigate the impact of rural road developments on livelihoods in northern Laos through a longitudinal study conducted over a period of 15 years in a forest frontier.
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Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationMarch, 2021Laos
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2018Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
The Mekong region – Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam – is in the midst of profound social and environmental change. Despite rapid urbanization, the region remains predominantly rural. More than 60 per cent of its population live in rural areas, and the vast majority of these people are engaged in agriculture.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksAugust, 2018Laos
Agricultural large-scale land acquisition (LSLA) is a process that is currently not captured by land change models. We present a novel land change modeling approach that includes processes governing LSLAs and simulates their interactions with other land systems. LSLAs differ from other land change processes in two ways: (1) their changes affect hundreds to thousands of contiguous hectares at a time, far surpassing other land change processes, e.g., smallholder agriculture, and (2) as policymakers value LSLA as desirable or undesirable, their agency significantly affects LSLA occurrence.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchApril, 2015China, Cambodia, Laos
The Cambodian government allowed 1,204,750 hectares as economic land concession (ELC) to 118 local and international companies. Global Witness reported that 2.6 million ha had been given in 272 ELCs, mainly for rubber plantations. Many concessionaires do not comply with their contracts, nor with existing land and forest laws. Government revenues from timber exports are extremely low. Deforestation, and removal of luxury timbers has increased dramatically. Land concessions rob local communities of their income from non-timber forest products.
Library ResourceInstitutional & promotional materialsDecember, 2002Laos
Library ResourceInstitutional & promotional materialsDecember, 2015Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Vietnam
This paper aims to provide keys that will help us understand contemporary land dynamics in these four countries. In order to do so it highlights their similarities and differences, both in the long history that shaped today’s local land situations and in more recent reforms implemented in the context of greater economic openness.
The first part of the paper sets the cultural and historical context, with an overview of the diverse ways that the political authorities and different groups within the region have related to land.
Library ResourceInstitutional & promotional materialsApril, 2015Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Vietnam
Cette journée dédiée à l’Asie du Sud-Est visait à faire un état des lieux comparé des dynamiques et des politiques foncières de quatre pays d’intérêt pour la Coopération française dans cette région (le Cambodge, le Laos, le Vietnam et la Birmanie), et à en caractériser plus particulièrement les spécificités au Cambodge.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationJanuary, 2019Laos
The rapid expansion of hybrid maize in the uplands of northern Laos is viewed by the government as meeting policy aims related to green economic development. Yet, growing evidence of negative consequences of maize expansion are emerging.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationNovember, 2016Laos
The scholarly debate around ‘global land grabbing’ is advancing theoretically, methodologically and empirically. This study contributes to these ongoing efforts by investigating a set of ‘small-scale land acquisitions’ in the context of a recent boom in banana plantation investments in Luang Namtha Province, Laos. In relation to the actors, scales and processes involved, the banana acquisitions differ from the state-granted large-scale land acquisitions dominating the literature on ‘land grabbing’ in Laos.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2015Laos
This brief reviews a teak tree valuation methodology that attempts to ameliorate the risks inherent to borrowers and banks as well to ensure that community forestry principles and aims to improve livelihoods and capabilities are adaptable to existing social and economic pressures. The valuation method was created in tandem with the implementation of a smallholder forestry project in Bokeo, Lao PDR. The project was implemented by RECOFTC in conjunction with the Lao Provincial Organisation for Forestry and Agriculture (PAFO) and the Lao Department of Agriculture and Forestry.
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