The degree to which the maintenance of carbon (C) stocks and tree diversity can be jointly achieved in production landscapes is debated. C stocks in forests are decreased by logging before tree diversity is affected, while C stocks in monoculture tree plantations increase, but diversity does not. Agroforestry can break this hysteresis pattern, relevant for policies in search of synergy.
Search resultsShowing items 1 through 9 of 939.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationApril, 2020Indonesia
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationMarch, 2020Indonesia, Cambodia, Papua New Guinea
Social and environmental safeguards are now commonplace in policies and procedures that apply to certain kinds of foreign investment in developing countries. Prominent amongst these is the principle of free, prior and informed consent (FPIC), which is commonly tied to policies and procedures relating to investments that have an impact on ‘indigenous peoples’. This paper treats international safeguards as a possible manifestation of what Karl Polanyi called the ‘double movement’ in the operation of a capitalist market economy.
Library ResourceInstitutional & promotional materialsOctober, 2019Burkina Faso, China, Ethiopia, Indonesia, Vietnam, Western Africa, Eastern Africa, Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia
Modelling socio-ecological systems, in which social and ecological systems interact each other and co-evolve, are useful for supporting decisions in managing landscape ecosystems. Inter-linking socially interactive decision-making to relevant ecological processes faces a great challenge due to at least two reasons: (1) the inherent mismatches in the spatial and temporal scales the considered processes operate, (2) differences in relevant methods for modelling the processes and (3) different data availabilities for the processes.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationDecember, 2019Myanmar
Protected areas offer diverse ecosystem services, including cultural services related to recreation, which contribute manifold to human wellbeing and the economy. However, multiple pressures from other human activities often compromise ecosystem service delivery from protected areas. It is thus fundamental for effective management to understand the recreational values and visitor behaviors in such areas.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationNovember, 2019Philippines
Ifugao province of the Philippines has a traditional muyong forest system that supplies water and prevents soil erosion of the world-famous Ifugao rice terraces. The socio-political structure of Ifugao has been the key to the maintenance and communal use of land, as well as the muyong forest, without causing excessive damage to the land. Recently, the Ifugao is facing various challenges viz. deforestation, slash-and-burn, introduction of commercial rice, and climate change.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationAugust, 2019Timor-Leste, South-Eastern Asia
Land restitution carries implicit recognition of some previous claim to ownership, but when are first claims recognized? The concepts of first possession and original acquisition have long been used as entry points to Western concepts of property. For Austronesia, the concept of precedence is used in customary systems to justify and describe land claims and Indigenous authority. Conflict and political change in Timor-Leste have highlighted the co-existence of multiple understandings of land claims and their legitimacy.
Library ResourceDecember, 2009Myanmar
Library ResourceDecember, 1999Bangladesh, Philippines
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsDecember, 2014Cameroon, Indonesia, Ecuador, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon, South America, Middle Africa, South-Eastern Asia
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2017Indonesia, South-Eastern Asia
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