The degree to which the maintenance of carbon (C) stocks and tree diversity can be jointly achieved in production landscapes is debated. C stocks in forests are decreased by logging before tree diversity is affected, while C stocks in monoculture tree plantations increase, but diversity does not. Agroforestry can break this hysteresis pattern, relevant for policies in search of synergy.
Search resultsShowing items 1 through 9 of 53.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationApril, 2020Indonesia
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationMarch, 2020Indonesia, Cambodia, Papua New Guinea
Social and environmental safeguards are now commonplace in policies and procedures that apply to certain kinds of foreign investment in developing countries. Prominent amongst these is the principle of free, prior and informed consent (FPIC), which is commonly tied to policies and procedures relating to investments that have an impact on ‘indigenous peoples’. This paper treats international safeguards as a possible manifestation of what Karl Polanyi called the ‘double movement’ in the operation of a capitalist market economy.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationDecember, 2019Myanmar
Protected areas offer diverse ecosystem services, including cultural services related to recreation, which contribute manifold to human wellbeing and the economy. However, multiple pressures from other human activities often compromise ecosystem service delivery from protected areas. It is thus fundamental for effective management to understand the recreational values and visitor behaviors in such areas.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationNovember, 2019Philippines
Ifugao province of the Philippines has a traditional muyong forest system that supplies water and prevents soil erosion of the world-famous Ifugao rice terraces. The socio-political structure of Ifugao has been the key to the maintenance and communal use of land, as well as the muyong forest, without causing excessive damage to the land. Recently, the Ifugao is facing various challenges viz. deforestation, slash-and-burn, introduction of commercial rice, and climate change.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationAugust, 2019Timor-Leste, South-Eastern Asia
Land restitution carries implicit recognition of some previous claim to ownership, but when are first claims recognized? The concepts of first possession and original acquisition have long been used as entry points to Western concepts of property. For Austronesia, the concept of precedence is used in customary systems to justify and describe land claims and Indigenous authority. Conflict and political change in Timor-Leste have highlighted the co-existence of multiple understandings of land claims and their legitimacy.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2017Indonesia, South-Eastern Asia
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksAugust, 2006India, Vietnam, Thailand
ICRISAT's intervention in the project 'improving management of natural resources for sustainable rainfed agriculture' funded by the Asian Development Bank aims to increase the productivity and sustainability of the medium and high-water holding capacity soils in the intermediate rainfall ecoregion in India, Vietnam, and Thailand. The study examines the productivity of soybean during the 1999 rainy season in one of the benchmark sites in Lateri watershed, Vidisha district, Madhya Pradesh, India.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 1995Malaysia, South-Eastern Asia
This paper describes a number of pieces of work that we have carried out in connection with surface temperature, making use if satellite thermal infrared data. The study involves estimating land surface temperature, sea surface temperature, land sub-surface temperature and forest fires. A plane-parallel radiative transfer model was used to derive a multi-channel method for retriving land surface temperature from space. The perfomance and reliability of this algorithm has been tested for a dry atmosphere whose value of surface temperature lies between 255 and 280 K.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksNovember, 2018Tanzania, Yemen, Nigeria, Nepal, Somalia, Ecuador, Chile, Guatemala, China, Colombia, Indonesia, Australia, Bolivia, Nicaragua, India, Sudan, Namibia, Uruguay
En 2016, el Centro para la Autonomía y el Desarrollo de los Pueblos Indígenas (CADPI), junto con el equipo de Pueblos Indígenas de FAO y el apoyo técnico del equipo de Tenencia de la Tierra de FAO, implementaron un programa de desarrollo de capacidades para y con los pueblos indígenas de Mesoamérica sobre las Directrices voluntarias sobre la gobernanza responsable de la tenencia de la tierra, la pesca y los bosques en el contexto de la seguridad alimentaria nacional (VGGT).<p></p>El presente manual sistematiza todo el material didáctico y la experiencia recopilada durante el pro
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksSeptember, 2018Tanzania, Switzerland, United States of America, Kenya, South Africa, Tajikistan, Zimbabwe, Namibia, Indonesia, Botswana, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Pakistan, Finland, Mexico, Mongolia
Wildlife management is the focus of considerable international debate because of its importance for biodiversity conservation, human safety, livelihoods and food security. Local people have been managing wildlife for millennia, including through hunting. Sufficient examples are presented in this edition to show that sustainable wildlife management is also feasible in the modern era.
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