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Showing items 1 through 9 of 3.
  1. Library Resource
    January, 2002
    Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Kazakhstan, Belarus, Armenia

    The five Central Asian countries that gained their independence at the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 have followed different paths of transition to a market economy in the agricultural sector. Kyrgyzstan has been the most aggressive in restructuring agricultural enterprises, privatizing land, and promoting individual farming. Kazakstan and Turkmenistan have had similar legal and policy reforms, but implementation has lagged. Tajikistan's efforts

  2. Library Resource
    January, 2001
    Honduras, Chile, Ukraine, Indonesia, Kyrgyzstan, Ghana, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Guyana, Belarus, Central African Republic, Nicaragua, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Madagascar, Uzbekistan, Cameroon, Tanzania, Ecuador, Papua New Guinea, Russia, Armenia, Brazil, Oceania, Sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, Eastern Asia

    Report which alleges that International Monetary Fund (IMF) loans and policies have caused extensive deforestation in each of the 15 countries of Africa, Latin America, and Asia studied.This forest loss, the author claims, has occurred both directly and indirectly through:the IMF's promotion of foreign investment in natural resource sectorsausterity measures that cut spending on environmental programsprograms that have unwittingly worsened the conditions of povertythe IMF.s insistence upon export-oriented economic growth.The report finds that:IMF induced cuts have impeded:Promotion of resp

  3. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2001
    Serbia, Slovenia, North Macedonia, Slovakia, Lithuania, Croatia, Azerbaijan, Ukraine, Kyrgyzstan, Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hungary, Moldova, Albania, Armenia, Poland, Germany, Georgia, Romania, Czech Republic, Europe

    The former socialist countries of Eastern Europe (that is, Europe east of Germany and west of the Urals, but including all of Russia) began a transition to a market economy in the late 1980’s and early 1990’s. This paper looks at one aspect of that transition: the transition from state ownership to private ownership of agricultural land and the accompanying transition to a land market for agricultural land.

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