Diversified livelihoods combining farming, livestock keeping and non-farm income are characteristic of many rural households worldwide. For the Central Asian and Caucasian region, livestock keeping is especially important in terms of land use and socio-cultural heritage.
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Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationAugust, 2020Azerbaijan, Georgia
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationAugust, 2020Turkey
There is a risk of salinity and degradation in soil structure due to excessive irrigation in the GAP-Harran Plain. The purpose of the research is to determine farmers’ willingness to pay (WTP) for applications of sustainable agricultural land usage practices to avoid salinization in soil based on irrigation problems related to the demands of the farmers’, their needs, and which factors affect their willingness to accept payment. The basic material of the research was obtained through face-to-face questionnaires from farmers who were selected by a method of simple random sampling in 2018.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationJuly, 2020Syrian Arab Republic
Understanding the effects of socio-ecological shocks on land use/land cover (LULC) change is essential for developing land management strategies and for reducing adverse environmental pressures. Our study examines the impacts of the armed conflict in Syria, which began in mid-2011, and the related social and economic crisis on LULC between 2010 and 2018. We used remote sensing for change detection by applying a supervised maximum likelihood classification to Landsat images of the three target years 2010, 2014, and 2018.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsMay, 2020Azerbaijan
The Republic of Azerbaijan implemented during the late 1990s a land reform, which distributed the state owned agricultural land to the rural population but also led to excessive land fragmentation and small farm sizes. Agricultural and rural development is high on the political agenda in Azerbaijan and is seen as an important sector to development as part of an overall strategy of reducing dependency on income from oil production.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchApril, 2008Jordan, Western Asia
The project aims to improve the productivity of degraded rangelands through efficient utilization of limited rainfall. Nearly 48% of farmers in the Muhareb community own flocks, with an average flock size of about 159 head. About 52% of farmers in Um Al Naám own flocks, with an average of 125 head; about 63% of farmers in Muhareb community own a small flock (average 28 head), or a medium flock size (30%, average 293 head), or a large flock (7%, average 751 head. However, about 72% of farmers in Um Al Naám own a small flock, with an average flock size of 36 head.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchMay, 2011Jordan, Western Asia
This report is a documentation of data gathered during the project for the Badia Benchmark, organized in a way to facilitate the on of various disciplines. The purpose is, to facilitate the use of this data for better management of resources during the project and to provide accessible and user friendly database that is suitable for use beyond the project lifetime. It is anticipated that future research and development projects, will build upon this database and continue the documentation to enhance the use of data for the Badia and similar areas.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchMarch, 2011Jordan, Western Asia
The Central and West Asia and North Africa (CWANA) region encompasses large areas of arid and semi-arid zones. These zones may be defined as areas where rainfall, relative to the level of evapotranspiration, is inadequate to sustain reliable crop production. Most of the arid and semi-arid zones of the CWANA region are rangelands and are characterized by wide variability in rainfall and temperature. Droughts are common, resulting in low forage production and crop productivity as well as water scarcity.
Library ResourceInstitutional & promotional materialsApril, 2013Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, Syrian Arab Republic, Yemen, Northern Africa, Western Asia
The goal of WLI is to improve the livelihoods of rural
households and communities in areas where water
scarcity, land degradation, water quality deterioration,
food security and health problems are prevalent in eight
participating countries including Egypt, Iraq, Jordan,
Lebanon, Palestine, Syria, Tunisia, and Yemen. The main
objective is to develop and pilot test integrated water and
land management strategies.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksNovember, 2011Algeria, Morocco, Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, Northern Africa, Western Asia
CropSyst is the crop growth model chosen as a decision tool for the Tadla Benchmark project. CropSyst is a daily time step simulation model. The model was developed to serve as an analytic tool to study the effect of cropping systems management on productivity and the environment. The model simulates the soil water budget, soil– plant nitrogen budget, crop canopy and root growth, dry matter production, yield, residue production, and decomposition. Management options include cultivar selection, crop rotation, irrigation, nitrogen fertilization, tillage operations, and residue management.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksNovember, 2011Jordan, Western Asia
The rangelands of West Asia and North Africa are the grazing grounds for the Bedouin with their flocks of sheep, goats and camels and are known as al Badia in the Middle East region. Average annual rainfall in the Badia ranges between 50 and 250 mm (Haddad 2006). Despite its scarcity, rainwater is generally poorly managed and much of it is lost through runoff and evaporation. To improve production in hese areas, there is a need for the sustainable management of natural resources – land and water (FAO 1983).
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