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Showing items 1 through 9 of 673.
  1. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    January, 2015
    Ethiopia

    This paper examines the role of customary pastoral institutions in managing conflicts. It indicates thatintra‐ethnic conflicts can be managed customarily because of shared norms attributed to the social proximity and cultural homogeneity, whereas managing inter‐ethnic conflicts goes beyond the capacity of elders' council exercising customary law. The introduction of ethnic‐based federalism and historical political relations between different ethnic groups has weakened customary institutions in managing inter‐ethnic conflict.

  2. Library Resource
    Institutional & promotional materials
    January, 2014
    Ethiopia, Eastern Africa

    Brochure on "Community based Rainfed Watershed Management" project. A collective research, learning & demonstration project for increasing productivity and adapting smallholder farmers to climate change in rainfed dry areas.

  3. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    August, 2014
    France, United Kingdom, Kenya, United States of America, Eastern Africa, Northern America, Northern Europe, Western Europe

    Biodiversity continues to decline in the face of increasing anthropogenic pressures such as habitat destruction, exploitation, pollution and introduction of alien species. Existing global databases of species’ threat status or population time series are dominated by charismatic species. The collation of datasets with broad taxonomic and biogeographic extents, and that support computation of a range of biodiversity indicators, is necessary to enable better understanding of historical declines and to project – and avert – future declines.

  4. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    November, 2014
    Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia, Eastern Africa

    The Chinyanja Triangle (CT) is an area inside the Zambezi
    River Basin, inhabited by Chinyanja-speaking people
    sharing a similar history, language and culture across
    the dryland systems of the eastern province of Zambia,
    southern and central regions of Malawi and Tete Province
    of Mozambique. Chiefs and Chiefdoms play a critical role
    in decision making and influencing social relationships. The
    Zambezi River, which originates in the Kalene Hills in Zambia
    is joined by ten big tributaries from six countries, and is

  5. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    November, 2014
    Kenya, Eastern Africa

    Wildlife populations are declining severely in many protected areas and unprotected pastoral areas of Africa.
    Rapid large-scale land use changes, poaching, climate change, rising population pressures, governance, policy, economic
    and socio-cultural transformations and competition with livestock all contribute to the declines in abundance. Here we
    analyze the population dynamics of 15 wildlife and four livestock species monitored using aerial surveys from 1977 to

  6. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    October, 2014
    Kenya

    For a long time sub-Saharan Africa has been considered to have abundant and underutilized land than any other continent. On the contrary, recent studies show that many rural Africans live in increasingly densely populated areas where all arable land is allocated or under cultivation. This has led to a long-term decline in farm size and reduced fallows.

  7. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    August, 2014
    Kenya

    The women Land Rights Project is a project of Kenya Land Alliance that aims at actualisation Women land and property rights, as provided in the Constitution of Kenya, 2013 and as a means towards poverty alleviation. This considering the fact that, in Kenya where the foundation of most communities is Agriculture and livestock production, women contribute up to 80% of workforce yet they only hold 1% of registered land in their names and around 5-6% of registered titles are held in joint names (Kenya Land Alliance, 2013).

  8. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2014
    Kenya

    In Africa, as elsewhere, land rights have remained a bastion of male power and privilege. Since land is a fundamental resource for improving living conditions and economic empowerment, the lack of land rights for women undermines efforts to promote gender equity and equality within a patriarchal society. The minimal transformation of women’s socio-economic position with regards to access and control of land is, in many cases, due to land reform programmes and related processes whose design or implementation is “gender neutral”.

  9. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2014
    Kenya

    The land question in many African countries has geographical, political, economic, social and demographic nuances. These factors color land and resource rights for pastoral and forest dwelling communities. Land as property draws from the universality of the theory of property in time and space with the earliest theoretical explanations of property being occupation of land and where property belonged of right to him who seized it first. Land therefore represents the earliest form of property and includes resources on the land such as trees; pasture; water and wetlands.

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