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Showing items 1 through 9 of 6952.
  1. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    November, 2014
    Ethiopia

    Recently dubbed “Africa’s Lion” (in allusion to the discourse around “Asian Tigers”), Ethiopia is celebrated for its steady economic growth, including a growing number of millionaires compared to other African nations. However, as documented in previous research by the Oakland Institute, the Ethiopian government’s “development strategy,” is founded on its policy of leasing millions of hectares (ha) of land to foreign investors.

  2. Library Resource

    Volume 9 Issue 8

    Peer-reviewed publication
    August, 2020
    Central African Republic, Guinea, Kenya, Mali, Tanzania, Uganda, United States of America, Eastern Africa

    An increasing number of African States are recognizing customary land tenure. Yet, there is a lack of research on how community rights are recognized in legal and policy frameworks, how they are implemented in practice, and how to include marginalized groups. In 2018–2019, we engaged in collaborative exploratory research on governing natural resources for food sovereignty with social movement networks, human rights lawyers and academics in West and East Africa.

  3. Library Resource

    Volume 9 Issue 8

    Peer-reviewed publication
    August, 2020
    Ethiopia

    We investigated the spatial relations of ecological and social processes to point at how state policies, population density, migration dynamics, topography, and socio-economic values of ‘forest coffee’ together shaped forest cover changes since 1958 in southwest Ethiopia. We used data from aerial photos, Landsat images, digital elevation models, participatory field mapping, interviews, and population censuses.

  4. Library Resource

    Volume 9 Issue 8

    Peer-reviewed publication
    August, 2020
    Benin, Central African Republic, Ghana, Malawi, Togo, Tanzania, South Africa, Southern Africa

    United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Biosphere Reserves strive for a harmonious interaction between humans and nature. As landscapes provide suitable units to mutually address matters of conservation and sustainable development, this study aims to explore the potential and realized contribution of biosphere reserves for landscape governance and management. We emphasize the role of stakeholder participation and cooperation as an overarching condition for integrated landscape approaches.

  5. Library Resource

    Volume 9 Issue 7

    Peer-reviewed publication
    July, 2020
    Argentina, Belgium, Costa Rica, Ethiopia, Mexico, New Zealand, Panama, Philippines, Poland, United States of America, Venezuela

    A singular and modest activist action, a temporary park created in San Francisco, grew into the global urban Park(ing) Day (PD) phenomenon. This tactical urbanism event not only expanded to be annually celebrated in thousands of parking lots all over the world but became an inspiration for urban planning and policy changes. The permanent rendition of Park(ing) Day, parklets, resulted from the movement but did not stop the spread of PD itself.

  6. Library Resource

    Volume 9 Issue 7

    Peer-reviewed publication
    July, 2020
    Central African Republic, Rwanda

    In many cities and urban areas in Africa, land acquisition for urban redevelopment, land readjustment, and resettlement of affected urban residents are currently framed as innovative approaches to eradicating informal settlements, improving the living environments, and supporting the implementation of newly adopted city Master Plans. Nevertheless, it is not yet known how the responses of institutions and affected people shape these processes.

  7. Library Resource

    Volume 9 Issue 7

    Peer-reviewed publication
    July, 2020
    French Southern and Antarctic Lands, Norway, United States of America

    This paper reviews the recent literature dealing with farmland protection (FP) policies in developed countries from a planning perspective, with a specific focus on the Mediterranean region. It provides coverage of French language papers that may have been omitted in previous reviews. While the Mediterranean is often pointed out as a region with acute challenges related to food security and a lack of effective planning policies, the literature underlines that issues related to FP policies are similar across the world.

  8. Library Resource

    Volume 9 Issue 6

    Peer-reviewed publication
    June, 2020
    Kenya

    Poor households in urban informal settlements face a big challenge in accessing clean energy for cooking, heating, and lighting. We use Kenya’s Mathare informal settlement as a landscape site to better understand how cross-sector collaboration can enhance access to sustainable energy in informal settlements. We also demonstrate that academics are well-placed in facilitating multi-stakeholder engagements between community members, experts, and policy actors. This is pursued by drawing on the results of two energy research projects (CoDEC and AfriCLP).

  9. Library Resource

    Volume 9 Issue 6

    Peer-reviewed publication
    June, 2020
    Uganda

    Given the diversity of active institutions and stakeholders in a landscape, and the difficulties in ensuring inclusive decision-making, evaluating landscape governance can help surface and address underlying issues. In the context of two protected area landscapes in Uganda, where landscape approaches are being implemented through a wider project on landscape governance, we analyse stakeholder perceptions of inclusive decision-making and then use this evaluation to stimulate dialogue amongst stakeholder groups in each landscape.

  10. Library Resource

    Volume 9 Issue 6

    Peer-reviewed publication
    June, 2020
    Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Cameroon, Algeria, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Sudan, Senegal, South Sudan, Chad

    The Re-Greening of the West African Sahel has attracted great interdisciplinary interest since it was originally detected in the mid-2000s. Studies have investigated vegetation patterns at regional scales using a time series of coarse resolution remote sensing analyses. Fewer have attempted to explain the processes behind these patterns at local scales. This research investigates bottom-up processes driving Sahelian greening in the northern Central Plateau of Burkina Faso—a region recognized as a greening hot spot.

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