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Showing items 1 through 9 of 19.
  1. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December, 2015
    Ethiopia

    Financial cooperatives and microfinance institutions (MFIs) are the two major sources of rural finance in Ethiopia. Whereas MFIs are relatively new, financial cooperatives have existed for centuries in various forms. The coexistence of two different institutions serving the same group of people, and delivering the same financial services, raises several policy questions. Those questions have become particularly relevant, as the government has embarked on developing a new strategy for improving rural financial services delivery.

  2. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December, 2006
    Kenya

    This paper discusses the internal processes and decisions that characterized thetransition from collectively held group ranches to individualized property systems amongthe Maasai pastoralists of Kajiado district in Kenya. It addresses the question of whygroup ranch members would demand individualized property systems, but then turnagainst the outcome. In addressing this puzzle the paper discusses the process of landallocation and distribution during group ranch subdivision.

  3. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    October, 2009
    Zambia

    Tourism is one of the most rapidly growing economic sectors in the world, especially indeveloping countries; growth rates in international tourist arrivals and receipts in these countries are roughly double the world average. In Zambia, the tourism sector has grown steadily in recent years; international tourist arrivals from 1990 to 2005 grew at an average annual rate of 9.7%, and tourism receipts grew at 10.2%, compared to average growth rates for developing countries of 6.6% and 9.9%, respectively.

  4. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December, 2007
    Sudan, Eastern Africa

    Despite the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement, which brought to an end 20 years of civil warin the Sudan, this country continues to experience smaller-scale conflicts, particularly aroundaccess to and control of natural resources. Some observers lay the blame for this onethnopolitical or tribal divisions.

  5. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    October, 2009
    Zambia

    Key Policy Message:- Despite having relatively low population densities, inadequate access to land is one of the major causes of rural poverty in Zambia.- The apparent paradox of inadequate access to land for many rural households in a country of low population density is partially reconciled when taking into account that economically viable arable land requires at least some degree of access to basic services, water, road infrastructure, and markets.

  6. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December, 2005
    Kenya

    This paper explores the puzzle of why the pastoral Maasai of Kajiado, Kenya, supported theindividualization of their collectively held group ranches, an outcome that is inconsistent withtheoretical expectation. Findings suggest that individuals and groups will seek to alter propertyrights in their anticipation of net gains from a new assignment, even as they seek to eliminatedisadvantages that were present in the status quo property rights structure.

  7. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December, 2003
    Uganda

    The government of Uganda is currently decentralizing many of its services including those directly related to agriculture and the environment. Non-government organizations (NGOs) and community-based organizations (CBOs) are being asked to take the lead in the provision of government services such as agricultural extension during the transition to demand driven fee-for-service. This paper explores the role of government programs, NGOs and CBOs in the adoption of land management technologies.

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