The goals of this review are to: (i) identify options with proven success and high potential for up-scaling in Ethiopian drylands, (ii) analyze factors underlying relative success in different agro-ecologies and under different institutional conditions, and (iii) assess options that may have high potential in areas and systems without well proven successful options.
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Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsMarch, 2016Ethiopia, Eastern Africa
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsJuly, 2015Ethiopia, Eastern Africa
The database consists of data on soil properties of both on station and 20 farmer fields, household characteristics of 301 households, woreda level crop production statistics for the past 5 years, land use maps and data and long-term historical climate data for Adamitullu in Oromia region, Ethiopia
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsOctober, 2017Afghanistan, United Arab Emirates, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, Turkey, Uzbekistan, Yemen, Eastern Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Asia, Central Asia, Western Asia
To help break the cycle of poverty, improve food and nutritional security, halt or reverse the alarming process of resource degradation in the dry areas, and help communities adapt to the impacts of climate variability and change, ICARDA’s Strategic Plan 2017-2026 outlines our research and organizational approach for action to achieve our vision of thriving and resilient communities in the dry areas of the developing world.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsDecember, 2015Angola, Burundi, Benin, Burkina Faso, Botswana, Central African Republic, Ivory Coast, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Liberia, Lesotho, Morocco, Madagascar, Mali, Mozambique, Mauritania, Malawi, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sudan, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Eswatini, Chad, Togo, Tunisia, Tanzania, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Western Africa, Eastern Africa, Northern Africa, Middle Africa, Southern Africa
Land degradation and desertification are among the biggest environmental challenges of our time. In the last 40 years, we lost nearly a third of the world’s arable farmland due to erosion, just as the number of people to be fed from it almost doubled. That’s why the UN General Assembly declared 2015 as the International Year of Soils. And the good news is that this new report shows that while Africa remains the most severely a«ected region, the benefit of taking action across the continent outweighs the cost of implementing it: not just by a little, but by a factor of seven.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsDecember, 2015Ethiopia, Eastern Africa
Soil erosion and deposition values were estimated using pixel based landscape information and the Unit Stream Power Erosion Deposition (USPED) model, which works with the Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE) parameters. The USPED model was adapted to Ethiopian conditions based on evidence from the Soil Conservation Research Programme, and calibrated and validated using data from former research stations as well as the Abbay (Blue Nile) Basin. Additionally, some of the USLE parameters were reduced in order to achieve a satisfactory approximation of sediment loss for the Abbay Basin.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsNovember, 2014Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia, Eastern Africa
The Chinyanja Triangle (CT) is an area inside the Zambezi
River Basin, inhabited by Chinyanja-speaking people
sharing a similar history, language and culture across
the dryland systems of the eastern province of Zambia,
southern and central regions of Malawi and Tete Province
of Mozambique. Chiefs and Chiefdoms play a critical role
in decision making and influencing social relationships. The
Zambezi River, which originates in the Kalene Hills in Zambia
is joined by ten big tributaries from six countries, and is
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsSeptember, 2016Ethiopia, Eastern Africa
A system dynamics approach was used to determine the sustainable stocking rate of the Menz sheep population in the Ethiopian highland. A model was developed to simulate stocking rate based on communal grazing land. The model is weather and resource (feed supply) driven. Pasture growth and dynamics was modeled using rainfall and temperature data. Herd dynamics was based on age groups of male and female animals from birth to herd exit, taking production and reproduction parameters into account.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsDecember, 2012Eastern Africa
This paper is focuses on Sub-regional knowledge exchange and capacity building workshop on the economic valuation of land and ecosystem services: final report. The overall objective of the workshop was to build the capacity of key actors involved in land use decisions in relation to the assessment of the real value of land, the understanding of the multiple benefits originating from ecosystem services, and the awareness of tools, methodologies, institutions and processes that can facilitate SLM adoption
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsSeptember, 1965Africa, Eastern Africa
This paper focuses on East Africa: development trends and problems. The East African sub-region onglobes a total area of about 5.5 million kilometers or about 18 percent of the continent’s area.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsOctober, 1985Ethiopia
The main objectives of the cooperative societies of the 1960’s were the promotion, in accordance with cooperative principles and the requirements of social justice, of better living, better business and better methods of production by reducing the cost of credit, etc. Most of the societies then were farmers' cooperatives whose membership were composed of land owners, provincial and district Governors businessmen, etc. The leadership was also controlled by the same people.
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