Our purpose is to present and test a typology of land reform theories as a means of understanding and interrogating the motives behind land reform and to better equip land administrators and policymakers to enact land reform programs that are appropriate for their contexts. Here, land reform is understood to include the related concepts of land redistribution, land restitution, land tenure reform and land administration reform. The theory typology thus has application for land restitution programs specifically operating in the global South.
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Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationNovember, 2019South Africa, Mozambique, Nigeria, Southern Africa
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationJuly, 2019Botswana, Zambia, Mali, Tanzania, Cameroon, Africa
Recent debates in social anthropology on land acquisitions highlight the need to go further back in history in order to analyse their impacts on local livelihoods. The debate over the commons in economic and ecological anthropology helps us understand some of today’s dynamics by looking at precolonial common property institutions and the way they were transformed by Western colonization to state property and then, later in the age of neoliberalism, to privatization and open access.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationJune, 2018South Africa, Zimbabwe, Southern Africa
This paper investigates the drivers and dynamics of livelihood and landscape change over a 30-year period in two sites in the communal drylands of Zimbabwe (Marwendo) and South Africa (Tshivuhulani). Of particular interest to us was how access to social protection and a wider range of options may mitigate increased vulnerability under a changing climate. A mixed methods approach (using household surveys, focus group discussions, life history interviews, transect walks and secondary sources of data) was applied to develop human–environment timelines for each study site.
Library ResourceInstitutional & promotional materialsJuly, 2014Zambia, Southern Africa
Library ResourceReports & ResearchAugust, 2019Kenya, South Africa, Guatemala, Honduras, United States of America, Australia, Papua New Guinea, Global
A community’s choice to give, or withhold, their free, prior and informed consent (FPIC) to a project or activity planned to take place on their land is a recognized right of Indigenous peoples under international law. It is also a best practice principle that applies to all communities affected by projects or activities on the land, water and forests that they rely on.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsJuly, 2019Africa, Ethiopia, Uganda, Namibia, Latin America and the Caribbean, Brazil, Peru, Asia, Cambodia, Laos, Eastern Europe, Global
The aim of this policy paper is to present successful approaches to secure land tenure rights in rural and urban areas. To support future programmatic decisions by he Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ, this paper focusses especially on impacts and good practices. It discusses examples from the German technical cooperation but also includes good practices and impacts achieved by other development partners.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2016South Africa, Kenya, Botswana, Sub-Saharan Africa
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2015Zimbabwe, Southern Africa, Africa
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsSeptember, 2017Zambia, Africa, Southern Africa
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2016Tanzania, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Southern Africa
Irrigation development in Sub-Saharan Africa has lagged significantly behind that in other developing countries. Consequently, economic development and food security are also lagging behind. Since the mid-2000s there has been a resurgence in the willingness to invest in irrigation, and Sub-Saharan Africa has the largest potential of any developing region to benefit from it. However, to gain from new investment in irrigation without repeating past failures, it is critical to develop a business model for small-scale irrigation schemes.
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