This study, perhaps the first of its kind in this region, is based on a study that explores the practice of casual sex among truck drivers, and commercial sex workers in the border areas of the Baltic region at a point of time, and, uses this evidence to extrapolate the potential impact on the spread of HIV/AIDS in these countries. While the threat of an HIV/AIDS epidemic cannot be taken lightly in any country of the Europe and Central Asia region, four countries - Poland, Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia - stand out as being particularly vulnerable.
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Library ResourceReports & ResearchJune, 2004Eastern Europe, Europe, Central Asia
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2004Turkmenistan, Switzerland, Lithuania, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Italy, Poland, Russia, Kazakhstan, Armenia, Georgia, Hungary, Europe
FAO is conducting a series of regional and sub-regional workshops as part of the preparatory work for the country reporting to the Global Forest Resources Assessment update 2005 (FRA 2005). These regional workshops respond to requests made by many member countries during the global training session held at FAO Headquarters in Rome in November 2003.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2004Romania, France, North Macedonia, Switzerland, United States of America, Turkey, Germany, Italy, Bulgaria, Greece, Hungary, Europe
The focus of this exercise was on issues connected with a possible substantial increase in the agricultural loan asset portfolio of ProCredit Bank. This summary outlines the type of client who could be targeted by the bank – the core borrowing group, the ways in which the bank could market its services to the desired core clientele, the type of loans for which a demand is clear, the enterprise types for which credit-financed investment appears to be most profitable, the regional considerations and, finally, the personnel requirements within the bank.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2004Bangladesh, United States of America, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Germany, China, Guatemala, Indonesia, Grenada, Jamaica, United Kingdom, Pakistan, Colombia, Costa Rica, Bolivia, Philippines, Japan, Tunisia, Argentina, India, Russia, Bahamas, Brazil
This report shows a broad range of statistics pertaining to world food and agriculture. It presents, where appropriate, the differences between developed and developing countries, continents and regions. It is hoped that managers and policy-makers dealing with international issues relating to food and agriculture will find the tables useful.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2004Slovenia, Liechtenstein, France, Estonia, Switzerland, Lithuania, Croatia, Sweden, Germany, Ukraine, Bulgaria, United Kingdom, Austria, Finland, Slovakia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hungary, Albania, Poland, Latvia, Romania, Norway, Czech Republic, Europe
This report presents the results of an extra budgetary project which analyses similarities and common approaches in European national forest legislation. The forest laws of 23 countries have been examined in order to find out whether provisions are made to put into practice the following three legal issues: (1) reforestation obligations after logging through final cutting or loss of forest cover due to fire and natural calamities, (2) regulations concerning public access to forests and (3) public use of non-wood forest products occurring on forest land.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksSeptember, 2004Burkina Faso, Mauritania, Gambia, Mali, Zimbabwe, Namibia, Australia, Bolivia, Canada, Guinea, Niger, Cameroon, Mozambique, Laos, Philippines, South Africa, Uganda, Italy, Tanzania, Cambodia, India, Russia, Mexico
In recent years, local people and rural communities have assumed increasing prominence in strategies for natural resource management.This paper briefly reviews some of the central legal issues that are associated with this shift. In doing so, its goals are limited. It does not ad dress fundamental questions about when, where and what kind of management works, nor attempt to identify the political, social, economic and environmental ingredient s for success – subjects on which there is a huge, if still inconclusive, literature.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2004United States of America, Afghanistan, Indonesia, Australia, United Kingdom, Ghana, Iceland, Gabon, Pakistan, Kenya, Japan, South Africa, Hungary, Italy, Tanzania, Suriname, Kuwait, Uganda, Brazil, Canada
This publication explores various aspects of the interface between water rights and land tenure. It is intended to synthetize and assess current learning on this topic, to define salient issues and to propose fruitful approaches for further investigation.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2004United States of America, Germany, Guatemala, Indonesia, Australia, United Kingdom, Canada, Costa Rica, Finland, Cameroon, Cyprus, Japan, Malaysia, Philippines, Italy, Poland, India, Mexico, Brazil, Austria
The Expert Consultation on Criteria and Indicators for Sustainable Forest Management (ECCI-2004) was organized by the Forest Management Bureau of the Philippines, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and the International Tropical Timber Organization and convened in Cebu City, Philippines, from 2 to 4 March 2004. The Forest Management Bureau of the Philippines hosted the meeting.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJanuary, 2005Central Asia, Eastern Europe
A two-pronged agricultural land reform was devised in Georgia to move toward a market- oriented economy, one prong being the distribution of land parcels of up to 1.25 hectares in ownership to rural families (the “small parcel” approach), and the second being the leasing of the remaining state-owned land in larger allotments to physical and legal entities. The land reform program was intended to create a self-maintaining sector of subsistence-oriented small farmers and a market-oriented sector controlled by larger leaseholders.
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