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Showing items 1 through 9 of 10.
  1. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    December, 2005
    Hungary

    Land has had a crucial role in the rural-nationalist ideology, especially with respect to its scarcity. In this ideology the land itself embodies a symbolic meaning which could be referred to as the "national mother-earth" which must be protected from aliens. This was the reason why the governments of the ECE candidate countries asked and received a period of 7-12 years exemption from EU rules with respect to the free movement of capital for the purpose of purchasing agricultural land.

  2. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    December, 2005
    Russia

    Russia has experienced dramatic changes in land ownership and tenure since 1991, but the development of land markets is still circumscribed by inadequate administrative and technical infrastructure. The paper discusses the evolving legal framework for land reform, the impacts on privatization and ownership of agricultural land, and the emergence of land market transactions.

  3. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    December, 2005
    Romania

    This paper tries to provide some solutions regarding farm consolidation and to diminish the share of subsistence farming, by analysing demographic tendencies, the ownership structure of agricultural land and the structure of the rural workforce, in Romania. The emphasis will fall on the following main solutions: the withdrawal of agricultural pensioners from the agricultural activity in return for an additional pension (before 2007) and the application of the early retirement scheme after joining the EU (probably in 2007).

  4. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    December, 2005
    Poland

    Basing on a sample of Polish rural households present paper analyses how different households' and country-specific characteristics affect farmers' decision about renting additional parcel in. An attempt is made to see if local rental markets still have potential that could be further exploited. Obtained results indicate that despite facing various difficulties rental markets succeed in transferring land to farmers with higher skills and better relative inputs' endowments.

  5. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    December, 2005
    Russia

    Russia has experienced dramatic changes in land ownership and tenure since 1991: agricultural land has been largely privatized, individual landowners now have legal rights to most agricultural land in the country, and prohibitions on buying and selling of land have been recently removed. The necessary pre-conditions for the development of agricultural land markets have been met and we are beginning to witness transactions that involve individual landowners, and not only the state.

  6. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    December, 2005
    Bulgaria

    The land restitution in Bulgaria led to a severe fragmentation in land ownership. This has an impact on the agricultural development and land market. The article investigates the land transactions on the sale and rentals markets. In order to explain the processes three new institutional economic theories will be employed: property rights theory, transaction costs theory and agricultural contract theory. First, the article reviews the appropriateness of each theory, and second, results of conducted survey in two regions of Bulgaria with different degrees of land fragmentation.

  7. Library Resource
    August, 2005
    Bulgaria, Latvia, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine

    Economic aspects of land market in Slovakia were studied in two different regions, characterized by different soil and natural conditions. Two groups of Slovak land owners were analysed. The first group consisted of 412 private farmers with 43.2 ha of agricultural land (LA) per farm on average, the second one of 150 big enterprises such as cooperatives with 1,866 ha of LA on average. In addition, some facts about land markets in Bulgaria, Latvia, Poland, Romania and Ukraine are presented in this article.

  8. Library Resource
    May, 2005
    Czech Republic

    A sample of 24 districts (1/3 of the Czech Republic) was used to evaluate the land market. Land prices depended on the area, culture and region of the plot. Sales of small plots (up to 1 ha) prevailed. These plots were usually purchased for non-agricultural use and their prices were many times higher than prices of large plots (above 5 ha) which are usually bought for agricultural purpose. Land market is not well developed, only 0.2-0.4% of the monitored area was sold each year. Compared with land prices in the west EU countries, land market prices in the Czech Republic are low.

  9. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    January, 2005
    Central Asia, Eastern Europe

    A two-pronged agricultural land reform was devised in Georgia to move toward a market- oriented economy, one prong being the distribution of land parcels of up to 1.25 hectares in ownership to rural families (the “small parcel” approach), and the second being the leasing of the remaining state-owned land in larger allotments to physical and legal entities. The land reform program was intended to create a self-maintaining sector of subsistence-oriented small farmers and a market-oriented sector controlled by larger leaseholders.

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