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Showing items 1 through 9 of 29.
  1. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2008

    Under current market circumstances and those predictable in the near future, further increasing agricultural production seems to be rather groundless. By utilisingagro-ecological conditions more efficiently, one eighth of Hungary’s gasoline demand could be satisfied from maize production, without considerably decreasing current agricultural production for human and animal consumption. For realisation of biofuel programmes a relatively stable socio-economic environment is essential.

  2. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    July, 2008
    Czech Republic

    Sustainable land use in agriculture involves the management of economic, environmental, and social services. In order to make the widely accepted concept of sustainable multifunctional agriculture operative for the design of agricultural policies, it is necessary to estimate the social demand for non-production outputs. This paper addresses the issue of matching agricultural policy with public preferences and willingness to pay for the possible non-production benefits that agriculture may deliver.

  3. Library Resource
    January, 2009
    Eastern Europe, Sub-Saharan Africa, Northern Africa, Eastern Asia, Oceania, Western Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean

    Conflicts associated with natural resources are twice as likely to relapse into conflict in the first five years, an imminent report suggests. Indeed the natural resource curse has been a primary determinant of intra-state conflict in terrible theatres of war such as the Democratic Republic of Congo and Liberia. Yet it extends far beyond the battle to acquire precious commodities.

  4. Library Resource
    January, 2008
    Nepal, Mauritania, Mali, China, Uzbekistan, India, Chad, Eastern Europe, Sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, Southern Asia

    Across vast areas of the world, human activity has degraded once fertile and productive land. Deforestation, overgrazing, continuous farming and poor irrigation practices have affected almost 2 billion hectares worldwide, threatening the health and livelihoods of over one billion people. In this edition of New Agriculturist, a collection of articles explores some of the approaches and policies that can help to successfully rehabilitate degraded land.

  5. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    December, 2008
    Hungary, Eastern Europe, Asia, Northern America, Central Asia

    Over fifteen years have elapsed since the transition from the centrally plannedeconomic system started in the early 1990’s. During this time agricultural andrural areas of Central and Eastern Europe have undergone profound structuralchanges with wide variations in the degree of transformation and in the rate ofsuccess in creating a competitive market and private ownership based food andagricultural system. By becoming member of the European Union the "transition"in its traditional interpretation has been concluded in ten of the Central EastEuropean countries.

  6. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    December, 2008
    Moldova, Europe, Asia

    The distribution of land rights is a very important economic and political issue, and itplayed a central role in the transition processes in Europe and Asia. This paperanalyzes the impact of the distribution of land on household welfare by usingsubjective well-being (SWB) data from a rural household survey in Moldova, thepoorest country in Europe. The recent land reform in Moldova provides a naturalexperiment on the impact of land ownership distribution on SWB.

  7. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December, 2008

    In the framework of the established long-term monitoring of the Carpathian forest ecosystems, the assessment of changes in the plant species richness, type of plant communities and biometric characteristics and health status of forest trees, for getting relevant insights regarding the effects of the type of management, pollution and climate changes upon forest biodiversity and health, is one of the major objectives.

  8. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December, 2008

    The research of the landscape structure and its changes was carried out in a part of the Horná Orava region. Landscape structure was studied and compared in 2 periods (1958 and 2001). Two types of changes were identified: anthropogenic and succession. Succession processes were spontaneous, anthropogenic-conditioned or successive, which were linked with land use changes, reduction of traditional management of non-forest vegetation (mowing, grazing) and consequent climax succession.

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