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Showing items 1 through 9 of 31.
  1. Library Resource
    January, 2011
    Ukraine, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Moldova, Belarus, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Armenia, Eastern Europe, Europe, Sub-Saharan Africa, Western Asia, Northern America, Northern Africa, Eastern Asia, Oceania, Southern Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean

    The global food system will experience an unprecedented combination of pressures over the next 40 years. Global population size will increase and competition for land, water and energy will intensify, while the effects of climate change will become increasingly apparent. Over this period, globalisation will continue, exposing the food system to novel economic and political pressures.This final report of the Foresight Global Food and Farming Futures Project argues that decisive action needs to take place now. The report identifies five considerable challenges ahead:

  2. Library Resource
    January, 2011
    Uganda, Norway, Eastern Europe, Sub-Saharan Africa

    This article estimates the poverty reducing impact of the recent land reforms and land transfers in the different land tenure systems of Uganda. Using balanced panel data for 309 households in 2001, 2003, and 2005, models that control for unobserved household heterogeneity and endogeneity of land acquisition and disposition are employed to measure the poverty-reduction effect of land on household expenditure per adult equivalent. Significant poverty reduction effects of increased land access in form of owned, operated and market-accessed land were found.

  3. Library Resource
    January, 2011
    Qatar, Egypt, Nigeria, United States of America, Ukraine, Kyrgyzstan, Indonesia, Brazil, United Kingdom, Ghana, Russia, Moldova, Ethiopia, Belarus, Mozambique, Laos, Turkmenistan, Philippines, Libya, Tajikistan, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, Kuwait, Argentina, Kazakhstan, Sudan, Bahrain, Armenia, Saudi Arabia, Cambodia, Oceania, Western Asia, Europe, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean, Northern America, Northern Africa

    Recent increases in the level of agricultural commodity prices and the resulting demand for land has been accompanied by a rising interest in acquiring agricultural land by investors. This paper studies the determinants of foreign land acquisition for large-scale agriculture.

  4. Library Resource

    A Bumpy Recovery

    Reports & Research
    Training Resources & Tools
    June, 2010
    Russia, Europe, Central Asia

    Amid heightened global uncertainties, Russia is experiencing a bumpy recovery. Domestic demand is rising, but unemployment remains high, and credit and investment remain limited. The budget has benefited from higher oil prices, but fiscal consolidation remains important in the medium term. Crumbling infrastructure, especially in transport, could hamper the economy's competitiveness and longer-term growth prospects. The debt crisis in Western Europe sharpens the downside risks to global recovery and oil prices.

  5. Library Resource

    A Multi-Level Approach

    Reports & Research
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    September, 2010
    Malaysia, Thailand, China, Indonesia, Vietnam, Cambodia, Russia, India, Kazakhstan, Eastern Asia, Oceania, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia

    This report presents the results of extensive work of the smart green infrastructure task force commissioned by the World Bank under the Global Tiger Initiative (GTI). The report benefited from advice, ideas, and information about tigers and tiger-friendly infrastructure development from staff at the World Bank, and from several institutions that promote tiger and biodiversity conservation throughout the world.

  6. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December, 2010
    Poland

    The study is aimed at the analysis of the situation in the agricultural land market in Poland, including the identification and description of factors affecting the turnover and rules governing the trade in farmland and the influence of the Agricultural Property Agency on the supply and demand relationships in trade in agricultural land. The main and critical factors affecting the demand-supply relations in the market are identified.

  7. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    January, 2010
    Ukraine

    This case study will focus on valuing degraded land conservation and assessment of the potential costs and benefits of large scale land retirement within the transition economy of Ukraine. The assessment methods will follow the framework developed to estimate costs and benefits of Conservation Reserve Program. The results of the economic assessment would increase the understanding of the efficient allocation of resources and would lead to developing a market-based approach to agricultural land retirement in transition economy.

  8. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    May, 2010
    Bulgaria

    The transition of a centrally planned to a more market economy provides a natural Experiment on the role of institutions and exchange in economic growth. This paper uses a unique dataset based on a survey of 305 dairy producing and supplying households in Bulgaria to analyze the impact of late payments for delivered products and farm assistance programs. The results of the dynamic panel analysis indicate that late payments have a negative influence on farm growth, while contracting with interlinked farm assistance programs, had a positive effect on farm growth.

  9. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2010
    Hungary

    While the development, processing and logistics of fossil resources is extremely concentrated and monopolysed, the production and utilisation of renewable energy – with the exception of larger hydroelectric plants – is deconcentrated. It is especially important that the renewable sources of energy available to us might play a decisive role in the uprise of the Hungarian countryside, as green energy production might be profitable even in areas where the land is less suitable for agriculture. There is a hot sea beneath 40% of the territory of the country.

  10. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2010
    Hungary, Europe

    Substituting fossil fuels has been a prominent issue in the EU in recent years. Energy security, agricultural and environmental considerations have all played a part in the development of alternative fuels and in the creation of incentives promoting their use. The system, like big systems in general, cannot react to new developments quickly and it seems there are elements that we should seriously consider removing or replacing to avoid adverse effects.

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