It has often been stated that land fragmentation and farm structures characterized by small agricultural holdings and farms divided in a large number of parcels have been the side-effect of land reform in Central and Eastern Europe. This article reports the findings of a study of land reform in 25 countries in the region from 1989 and onwards and provides an overview of applied land reform approaches. With a basis in theory on land fragmentation, the linkage between land reform approaches and land fragmentation is explored.
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Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationAugust, 2013Eastern Europe, Western Europe
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksOctober, 2013Hungary, Laos, Europe, Asia
Worldwide, only a few 'fatty' pig breeds exist with different and/or regional utilization. Using the Hungarian Mangalica, which almost went extinct in Europe and the Lao Moo Lat pig, which still has a large population in South-East Asia as exemples, we wanted to demonstrate that indigenous (fatty) pig breeds may represent both national value and tremendous economic potential. Since these less prolific and less productive breeds cannot contribute to mass production, new market roles and methods should be established for them in the premium segment of pork trading.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsDecember, 2013Poland, Latvia
Other papers concerning agricultural economics frequently emphasise a problem of low resource productivity. However, the measuring methods are controversial, because they do not consider a progressive depreciation of fixed assets in agriculture and the new utilities of land on the conditions of sustainable development. These preconditions entitle to formulate a hypothesis that a productivity of capital in agriculture in Poland is increasing because of intrinsic values of agricultural areas. This implies a need of rethinking the neoclassical land rent theories.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2013Ukraine, Netherlands
This report is an account of experiences of a Ukraine based company, Phytofuels Investments, operating in the framework of the Pellets for Power project. As one of five project partners, Phytofuels’ tasks included the development of sustainable reed production methods. Two aspects of this endeavor are zoomed in on in this report: reed legislation and engagement with authorities issuing permits on the one hand and engagements with local reed owning communities on the other. Both aspects are strongly interlinked and cover two sets of requirements in the NTA 8080, i.e.
Library ResourceJanuary, 2013Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan, Ukraine, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Kazakhstan, Belarus, Armenia
The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) is sparking renewed interest and debate on issues such as transparency of government – company contracts, reporting on revenues from natural resources by company and by project, and reporting on revenue expenditure.
Library ResourceJanuary, 2014South Africa, China, India, Russia, Brazil, Sub-Saharan Africa, Western Asia, Northern Africa
There is a general consensus among academics, politicians and social movements, that BRICS as ‘new donors’ are increasing both their quantitative and qualitative role in defining what is considered to be ‘the world economic order’.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsDecember, 2013Caribbean, Northern Africa, Eastern Africa, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, Eastern Europe, Southern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Africa, Asia
The 2013 Global Hunger Index (GHI) report-the eighth in an annual series- presents a multidimensional measure of national, regional, and global hunger. It shows that the world has made some progress in reducing hunger since 1990, but still has far to go. The 2013 GHI report focuses on resilience in theory and in practice. The relief and development communities have long struggled to understand why some people fare better than others when confronting stresses or shocks.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2013Slovakia
The abandonment of farmland has become a widespread phenomenon in post-socialist countries that have seen revolutionary changes in their economic systems. The phenomenon is notable in vineyard areas, where abandonment leads to the loss of the unique character of vineyard landscapes. This paper assesses the extent of vineyard abandonment in Slovakia and analyses the driving forces behind it. We used statistical and Corine Land Cover data to map the change in vineyard areas in Slovakia and analyse the pressure of underlying driving forces.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2013Czech Republic
Landscape structure not only reflects the natural settings of the landscape but also its history and the impact of human activity. Information about the characteristics of the landscape elements in terms of their structural functionality plays a central role in assessing their ecological quality. Statutory designation of sites plays a key role in conserving and maintaining valuable parts of the landscape. In this study, we investigated whether protection status influences functionality in case studies from the Czech Republic, representing three different landscape types.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2013Hungary
Alaria alata is a potential zoonotic parasite, which is widely distributed in Eurasia. To assess the risk of human infection, it is important to know the spatial distribution pattern of the parasite and factors influencing this pattern. To investigate these relationships, 1612 red fox (Vulpes vulpes) carcasses were randomly collected from the whole Hungarian territory, and the intestines were examined by sedimentation and counting technique. The spatial distribution of the parasite was highly clumped.
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