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Showing items 1 through 9 of 30.
  1. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2017
    Bulgaria

    Urban ecosystems are the areas where built infrastructure covers a large proportion of the land surface but the main source of ecosystem services provision is the green infrastructure. This provision is very much dependent on the particular combination of green spaces such as parks or vegetation belts and paved areas such as buildings and streets. The spatial arrangement of these elements is an important parameter which could be used for the assessment of the ecosystem condition in the urban areas.

  2. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2018
    North Macedonia, Belgium, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Georgia, Montenegro, Tajikistan, Serbia, Croatia, Ukraine, Austria, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Belarus, Turkey, Kyrgyzstan, Albania, Russia, Armenia, Europe, Central Asia

    This ‘Policy Analysis of Nationally Determined Contributions in Europe and Central Asia’ follows up on the previous effort to report on implementation of Nationally Determined Contributions in the region. Specifically, this publication compiles and analyzes the most relevant and updated information on policies and regulatory frameworks related to climate change in the region, including information on access to available climate finance to support countries in the implementation of their goals under the Paris Agreement.

  3. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    November, 2018
    Serbia, Nepal, France, North Macedonia, Nigeria, Kenya, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Ethiopia, China, Cameroon, Tanzania, Bulgaria, Spain, India, South Sudan, Sudan, Pakistan, Niger, Eritrea, Mongolia

    In many countries, pastoralism has historically been practiced in areas that are now partitioned by international boundaries. This is a major barrier to sustainable resource management and to pastoral development. However, there are examples from around the world of efforts to facilitate transboundary movements and transboundary ecosystem management by pastoralists. This report examines how pastoral mobility has been impacted by the creation of unnatural boundaries within their landscapes and how societies cope with these constraints through legal or informal arrangements.

  4. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    December, 2002
    Hungary, Albania, Bulgaria, Romania

    Present-day Central and Eastern European agriculture is characterized by a high incidence of small-scale farmers who are not producing for the market. This paper uses household level data from comparative farm surveys in Albania, Bulgaria, Hungary and Romania to analyze which farm household characteristics and endowments influence commercialization and subsistence farming.

  5. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    May, 2010
    Bulgaria

    The transition of a centrally planned to a more market economy provides a natural Experiment on the role of institutions and exchange in economic growth. This paper uses a unique dataset based on a survey of 305 dairy producing and supplying households in Bulgaria to analyze the impact of late payments for delivered products and farm assistance programs. The results of the dynamic panel analysis indicate that late payments have a negative influence on farm growth, while contracting with interlinked farm assistance programs, had a positive effect on farm growth.

  6. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    August, 2009
    Poland, Bulgaria, Romania

    Semi-subsistence farm households (SFHs) have persevered in Central and Southeastern Europe. An outlook on future perspectives of SFHs asks for reliable information onthe phenomenon of SFHs and the impact of policy measures on their development options:(1) intensifying farming, (2) diversifying income creating activities, or (3) exiting farming for waged employment.

  7. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    December, 2007
    Bulgaria, Eastern Europe

    This paper analyzes how imperfections of property rights affect allocation of assetsand welfare, using micro-survey data from Bulgaria. Co-ownership of assets iswidespread in many countries due to inheritance. Central and Eastern Europe offersan interesting natural experiment to assess the effects of such rights imperfectionsbecause of the asset restitution process in the 1990s.

  8. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    December, 2005
    Bulgaria

    The land restitution in Bulgaria led to a severe fragmentation in land ownership. This has an impact on the agricultural development and land market. The article investigates the land transactions on the sale and rentals markets. In order to explain the processes three new institutional economic theories will be employed: property rights theory, transaction costs theory and agricultural contract theory. First, the article reviews the appropriateness of each theory, and second, results of conducted survey in two regions of Bulgaria with different degrees of land fragmentation.

  9. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    December, 2006
    Bulgaria

    This study used a unique 2003 survey dataset to analyse the developments in land use and exchange in Bulgaria. The survey analysis yields several results. Land is highly fragmented in Bulgaria which increases the need for an efficient exchange of land between owners and users of land. However, the land sales market is not well developed. In contrast, land rental agreements are very widespread. Land rental is widely used to exchange land between owners and users of the land. The users include a variety of farm types, including cooperatives, farming companies, and individual farms.

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