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Showing items 1 through 9 of 11.
  1. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2018
    North Macedonia, Belgium, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Georgia, Montenegro, Tajikistan, Serbia, Croatia, Ukraine, Austria, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Belarus, Turkey, Kyrgyzstan, Albania, Russia, Armenia, Europe, Central Asia

    This ‘Policy Analysis of Nationally Determined Contributions in Europe and Central Asia’ follows up on the previous effort to report on implementation of Nationally Determined Contributions in the region. Specifically, this publication compiles and analyzes the most relevant and updated information on policies and regulatory frameworks related to climate change in the region, including information on access to available climate finance to support countries in the implementation of their goals under the Paris Agreement.

  2. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    June, 2018
    North Macedonia, United States of America, Sweden, Azerbaijan, United Kingdom, Ghana, Pakistan, Netherlands, Georgia, France, Spain, Denmark, Germany, Australia, Ireland, Finland, New Zealand, Rwanda, Kyrgyzstan, Albania, Russia, Armenia

    This guide is about making the recording or registration of tenure rights more relevant to people who hold those tenure rights, and particularly to people who are currently poorly served by systems to record or register tenure rights. It provides practical advice on ways to improve the recording of tenure rights, including by addressing barriers that prevent people from using recording systems.

  3. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    November, 2018
    Serbia, Nepal, France, North Macedonia, Nigeria, Kenya, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Ethiopia, China, Cameroon, Tanzania, Bulgaria, Spain, India, South Sudan, Sudan, Pakistan, Niger, Eritrea, Mongolia

    In many countries, pastoralism has historically been practiced in areas that are now partitioned by international boundaries. This is a major barrier to sustainable resource management and to pastoral development. However, there are examples from around the world of efforts to facilitate transboundary movements and transboundary ecosystem management by pastoralists. This report examines how pastoral mobility has been impacted by the creation of unnatural boundaries within their landscapes and how societies cope with these constraints through legal or informal arrangements.

  4. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2013
    North Macedonia, United States of America, Germany, China, Azerbaijan, Indonesia, Ghana, Ethiopia, Italy, Finland, Colombia, Kenya, Jordan, Morocco, Barbados, Mexico, Moldova, Armenia, Brazil, Montenegro, Norway

    This review of national greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation planning in the agriculture sector provides national policy makers and others in the agriculture sector with an overview of national mitigation planning processes to aid them in identifying the relevance of these processes for promoting agricultural development. It also gives policy makers and advisors involved in low-emission development planning processes an overview of mitigation planning in the agriculture sector and highlights the relevance of agriculture to national mitigation plans and actions.

  5. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    January, 2015
    Serbia, Slovenia, North Macedonia, Slovakia, Lithuania, Croatia, Azerbaijan, Ukraine, Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Armenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hungary, Moldova, Albania, Montenegro, Poland, Russia, Germany, Georgia, Romania, Czech Republic, Eastern Europe

    This paper reviews the experiences of introducing land consolidation and land banking instruments in Central and Eastern Europe, largely to address the structural problems of small and fragmented farms. The introduction has been uneven with some countries having established operational programmes while others have taken steps with differing levels of success, and a few have not taken action. The paper assesses the driving factors for the introduction and the approaches used in individual countries.

  6. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2001
    Serbia, Slovenia, North Macedonia, Slovakia, Lithuania, Croatia, Azerbaijan, Ukraine, Kyrgyzstan, Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hungary, Moldova, Albania, Armenia, Poland, Germany, Georgia, Romania, Czech Republic, Europe

    The former socialist countries of Eastern Europe (that is, Europe east of Germany and west of the Urals, but including all of Russia) began a transition to a market economy in the late 1980’s and early 1990’s. This paper looks at one aspect of that transition: the transition from state ownership to private ownership of agricultural land and the accompanying transition to a land market for agricultural land.

  7. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2009
    France, North Macedonia, Belgium, Azerbaijan, Germany, Indonesia, Kyrgyzstan, Bulgaria, Estonia, Pakistan, Nepal, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Moldova, Albania, Romania, Poland, India, Russia, Georgia, Armenia

    This publication describes the experience of a number of transition countries in Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union with crafting regulatory frameworks for irrigation water users’ organizations. It also seeks to distil a number of key regulatory requirements. As a result, this study serves as a design/drafting manual for policymakers and for drafters of legislation on water users’ organizations.

  8. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2002
    Slovenia, France, North Macedonia, Slovakia, United States of America, Sweden, Denmark, Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Canada, Republic of Korea, Japan, Hungary, Moldova, Albania, Italy, Poland, India, Czech Republic, Georgia, Armenia, Greece, Eastern Europe, Central Asia

    This guide on Rural property tax systems in Central and Eastern Europe has been prepared to support governments in the design and implementation of systems to raise revenues at local levels. An increasing number of countries are introducing policies to decentralize the provision of rural services but very often local levels of government have insufficient funds to carry out these newly decentralized responsibilities. Raising revenues through property taxes on rural land represents one way to improve the capacity of local levels to deliver services.

  9. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2006
    Serbia, Slovenia, North Macedonia, Slovakia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Croatia, Turkey, Bulgaria, Estonia, Ireland, Malta, Italy, Cyprus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hungary, Albania, Montenegro, Poland, Latvia, Romania, Czech Republic, Europe

    EU membership has profound implications for all parts of a country’s economy, as well as for its relationships with the other countries in Europe and its internal political structures. Members of the EU must be democracies governed by the rule of law and which guarantee human rights. They must have functioning market economies able to withstand the competitive pressures that EU membership brings, and governmental structures capable of discharging the wide range of obligations imposed on EU Member States.

  10. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2008
    Serbia, North Macedonia, Armenia, Turkey, Croatia, Azerbaijan, Denmark, Ukraine, Bulgaria, Ireland, Austria, Belarus, Italy, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hungary, Moldova, Albania, Montenegro, Poland, Germany, Georgia, Romania, Czech Republic, Europe

    Land consolidation can be an important tool for increasing agricultural competitiveness and improving rural conditions. Farmers can become more competitive when they decrease fragmentation and increase the size of their farms, and rural communities can benefit when consolidation projects include components to improve local infrastructure and the environment.

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