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Showing items 1 through 9 of 29.
  1. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2007
    United States of America, Japan, China, India, Russia

    Much is reported about the destruction of natural forests and the consequences for global warming, while on the other hand, exotic plantations in some regions struggle to gain public acceptance. The earth's population is projected to rise to around 9 billion by 2050, with a concomitant increase in demand for forest products. Inevitably, forests in general, and managed forest in particular, will be called on to provide an ever-increasing proportion of local supplies and the international wood trade.

  2. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December, 2018
    Russia, Latvia

    The article discusses the current state of forest land, the history of formation of large tracts of forest in the Samara region and analyses some of the results of implementation of target programs to improve the forest cover in the region under the Kyoto Protocol. This program was designed for the period from 2006 to 2015, but in 2009 was discontinued. However, large segment of assets was allocated and a number of works was carried out.

  3. Library Resource
    January, 2011
    Ukraine, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Moldova, Belarus, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Armenia, Eastern Europe, Europe, Sub-Saharan Africa, Western Asia, Northern America, Northern Africa, Eastern Asia, Oceania, Southern Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean

    The global food system will experience an unprecedented combination of pressures over the next 40 years. Global population size will increase and competition for land, water and energy will intensify, while the effects of climate change will become increasingly apparent. Over this period, globalisation will continue, exposing the food system to novel economic and political pressures.This final report of the Foresight Global Food and Farming Futures Project argues that decisive action needs to take place now. The report identifies five considerable challenges ahead:

  4. Library Resource
    January, 2011
    Qatar, Egypt, Nigeria, United States of America, Ukraine, Kyrgyzstan, Indonesia, Brazil, United Kingdom, Ghana, Russia, Moldova, Ethiopia, Belarus, Mozambique, Laos, Turkmenistan, Philippines, Libya, Tajikistan, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, Kuwait, Argentina, Kazakhstan, Sudan, Bahrain, Armenia, Saudi Arabia, Cambodia, Oceania, Western Asia, Europe, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean, Northern America, Northern Africa

    Recent increases in the level of agricultural commodity prices and the resulting demand for land has been accompanied by a rising interest in acquiring agricultural land by investors. This paper studies the determinants of foreign land acquisition for large-scale agriculture.

  5. Library Resource
    January, 2003
    Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Belarus, Moldova, Russia, Kazakhstan, Armenia

    This paper analyses the problem of water resource sharing in Central Asia. The authors consider this problem to be especially important, since they believe that the struggle for control over water resources will be one of the main causes of internal and international conflicts in the 21st century.[The full text of this paper is in Russian language only.]The authors note that in each of the Central Asian republics, the amount of water consumption rises, while the amount of water reserves decreases.

  6. Library Resource
    January, 2001
    Honduras, Chile, Ukraine, Indonesia, Kyrgyzstan, Ghana, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Guyana, Belarus, Central African Republic, Nicaragua, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Madagascar, Uzbekistan, Cameroon, Tanzania, Ecuador, Papua New Guinea, Russia, Armenia, Brazil, Oceania, Sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, Eastern Asia

    Report which alleges that International Monetary Fund (IMF) loans and policies have caused extensive deforestation in each of the 15 countries of Africa, Latin America, and Asia studied.This forest loss, the author claims, has occurred both directly and indirectly through:the IMF's promotion of foreign investment in natural resource sectorsausterity measures that cut spending on environmental programsprograms that have unwittingly worsened the conditions of povertythe IMF.s insistence upon export-oriented economic growth.The report finds that:IMF induced cuts have impeded:Promotion of resp

  7. Library Resource
    Peer-reviewed publication
    May, 2015
    Russia, Greenland, Sweden

    The upper treeline of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) is renowned as a sensitive indicator of climate change and variability. By use of megafossil tree remains, preserved exposed on the ground surface, treeline shift over the past millennium was investigated at multiple sites along the Scandes in northern Sweden. Difference in thermal level between the present and the Medieval period, about AD 1000-1200, is a central, although controversial, aspect concerning the detection and attribution of anthropogenic climate warming.

  8. Library Resource

    A Multi-Level Approach

    Reports & Research
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    September, 2010
    Malaysia, Thailand, China, Indonesia, Vietnam, Cambodia, Russia, India, Kazakhstan, Eastern Asia, Oceania, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia

    This report presents the results of extensive work of the smart green infrastructure task force commissioned by the World Bank under the Global Tiger Initiative (GTI). The report benefited from advice, ideas, and information about tigers and tiger-friendly infrastructure development from staff at the World Bank, and from several institutions that promote tiger and biodiversity conservation throughout the world.

  9. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2015
    Russia

    On the basis of legislative norms concerning land and nature management in Russia and scientific concepts of soil and land, new definitions of these basic concepts are suggested. Soils and lands are considered as separate components of the environment, each performing their own ecological functions. The definitions for land degradation and soil degradation are given.

  10. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2011
    Russia

    For the first time assessment and mapping of desertification have been performed in Russia at the 1 : 2500000 scale using data of geometrical sounding of the earth and in accordance with the approaches recommended by the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD). It is shown that desertified areas, areas experiencing desertification, and areas threatened by desertification occupy about 1250000 km2. Nineteen causes of changes in natural and natural-artificial systems, seven degradation trends, and three progradation trends are recognized.

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