From 2009 to 2014 a nationwide effort was made to document, collect, conserve, and characterize wheat landraces grown by Turkish farmers. Spike samples were collected from more than 1600 farmers from 59 provinces, planted as single-spike progenies, and classified into species, subspecies, and botanical varieties (or morphotypes). Altogether, 95 morphotypes were identified representing three species and six subspecies: einkorn wheat (Triticum monococcum L.), emmer wheat [T. turgidum subsp. dicoccon (Schrank) Thell.], cone wheat (T. turgidum subsp. turgidum), durum wheat [T. turgidum subsp.
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Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksAugust, 2016Russia, Turkey, Western Asia, Eastern Europe
Library ResourceMultimediaDecember, 2017Russia, Latvia
Taking into consideration all the data of collectibility of land payments (land tax and rent), the dependence of collectibility of land payments on economic and geographical factors is analysed in municipalities of the Samara region. The factors are defined with the help of mathematical methods, which are closely associated with payments growth from the land area of a municipality and the number of residents. The dependence simulation of the level of land payments on geographical and demographic characteristics has been implemented in a municipality.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsDecember, 2018Latvia, Ukraine
Taking into account the development of the market for energy crops and biofuels, the work substantiates the need to develop comprehensive public policy measures that will take into account the various functions of land resources (economic, environmental and social), as well as their role in the formation of energy resources in rural areas. The positive impact of the use of energy crops as raw materials for the production of biofuels on the conservation of ecosystems and the solution of issues concerning pollution and minimizing the trend of global warming was theoretically justified.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2018North Macedonia, Belgium, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Georgia, Montenegro, Tajikistan, Serbia, Croatia, Ukraine, Austria, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Belarus, Turkey, Kyrgyzstan, Albania, Russia, Armenia, Europe, Central Asia
This ‘Policy Analysis of Nationally Determined Contributions in Europe and Central Asia’ follows up on the previous effort to report on implementation of Nationally Determined Contributions in the region. Specifically, this publication compiles and analyzes the most relevant and updated information on policies and regulatory frameworks related to climate change in the region, including information on access to available climate finance to support countries in the implementation of their goals under the Paris Agreement.
Library ResourceJuly, 2013Russia
This Financial Sector Assessment (FSA)
is a summary of some of the findings of the Financial Sector
Assessment Program (FSAP) report for the Russian Federation,
which was prepared jointly by the International Monetary
Fund (IMF) and the Bank in close cooperation with the
Russian authorities. Given the small size of the financial
sector, the effects of a potential financial sector distress
on the macro-economy would be relatively small. However,
Library ResourceManuals & GuidelinesJanuary, 1970Ethiopia, Namibia, Burkina Faso, Panama, Brazil, Vietnam, Jordan, Romania, United Kingdom, Germany, Samoa
The Eastern and Anglophone Western Africa Regional Assessment meeting was organized by a task force consisting of FAO, the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, African Land Policy Initiative, the United Nations World Food Programme, United Nations Development Programme, the International Fund for Agricultural Development and the United Nations Human Settlements Programme officials in Ethiopia.
Library ResourceManuals & GuidelinesJanuary, 1970Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Ukraine
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and its partners will hold consultations on various issues relating to the voluntary guidelines on responsible governance of tenure of land and other natural resources. The voluntary guidelines aim to provide practical guidance for State governance bodies, civil society and the private sector. The voluntary guidelines will provide a basis, which interested parties can use when developing their strategies and activities.
Library ResourceManuals & GuidelinesJanuary, 1970Georgia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, United Kingdom, Croatia, Italy, North Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Slovenia, Spain, Germany, Netherlands, Switzerland
FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) and other development partners are working together with countries to prepare Voluntary Guidelines that will provide practical guidance to states, civil society, the private sector, donors and development specialists on the responsible governance of tenure. By setting out principles and internationally accepted standards for responsible practices, the Voluntary Guidelines will provide a framework and point of reference that stakeholders can use when developing their own policies and actions.
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