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Showing items 1 through 9 of 2086.
  1. Library Resource

    Volume 9 Issue 9

    Peer-reviewed publication
    September, 2020
    China, Russia, United States of America

    China is one of the most rapidly urbanising countries in the world. In recent years, it has experienced enormous environmental changes, as well as a loss of landscape identity. This paper aims to explore the concept of landscape identity in the context of the overwhelming urbanisation in China. It develops a conceptual framework on landscape identity from different dimensions. Factors are also identified that drive the urban changes with regard to the landscape identity that develops over time.

  2. Library Resource

    Volume 9 Issue 9

    Peer-reviewed publication
    September, 2020
    China, Norway, Russia, United States of America

    With the rapid development of urbanization and industrialization, China’s metropolitan areas have experienced dramatic transitions of land use, which has had a profound impact on the eco-environment. Accordingly, the contradictions of regional production, living, and ecological spaces have intensified. In this context, analysis of the dynamics of regional production–living–ecological (PLE) spaces has become an important entry point for studying land use transition and its eco-environmental effects, by constructing a classification system of PLE land functions.

  3. Library Resource

    Volume 9 Issue 9

    Peer-reviewed publication
    September, 2020
    China, Russia, United States of America

    Ecological or environmental compensation policies are usually designed with multiple policy objectives such as protecting the ecological environment and promoting farmers’ livelihoods, but in the enforcement process, there are often inconsistencies between realistic choices and policy objectives.

  4. Library Resource

    Volume 9 Issue 9

    Peer-reviewed publication
    September, 2020
    China, Norway, Russia, United States of America

    Human land use intensity affects the surface energy balance by changing the biogeophysical parameters. This study used Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer remote sensing data and surface energy balance algorithms to quantify changes in surface energy budgets corresponding to changes in land use in Beijing from 2000 to 2015. Land use was reclassified by considering land use intensity. The difference in the latent heat flux (LE) and net radiation (Rn) (LE−Rn) expressed the warming or cooling effect.

  5. Library Resource

    Volume 9 Issue 9

    Peer-reviewed publication
    September, 2020
    Colombia, Spain, Russia, Sweden, United States of America

    In the last decade, efforts to re-localize the food system have been gaining ground in a way that is intended to induce changes in the primary sector, thereby improving its conditions and sustainability. The European Union has identified food as one of the ten key sectors with outstanding potential for an ecological transition, and public procurement of (organic) food as an appropriate policy to foster agricultural development and support small farmers.

  6. Library Resource

    Volume 9 Issue 9

    Peer-reviewed publication
    September, 2020
    China, Russia, United States of America

    Over-fertilization has caused serious environmental problems and high agricultural production costs at the household level in China. This study attempts to analyze the effects of grape growers’ fertilization knowledge and technologies on their over-fertilization behavior. Using survey data collected from 235 grape growers planting a particular grape (the “Hutai No.

  7. Library Resource

    Volume 9 Issue 9

    Peer-reviewed publication
    September, 2020
    China, Russia, United States of America

    The rapid growth of China’s economy since the reform in 1978 should be largely attributed to urbanization. Nonetheless, in terms of farmland productivity, urbanization may lead to perverse incentives and thus threaten food security. On the one hand, the requisition–compensation balance of farmland (RCBF) policy could reduce farmland productivity because of a “superior occupation and inferior compensation”; on the other hand, urbanization promotes the transfer of the younger labor force and thus reduces the productivity of the agricultural labor force.

  8. Library Resource

    Volume 9 Issue 9

    Peer-reviewed publication
    September, 2020
    China, Russia, United States of America

    As an important component to quantify the carbon budget, accurate evaluation of terrestrial gross primary production (GPP) is crucial for large-scale applications, especially in dryland ecosystems. Based on the in situ data from six flux sites in northwestern China from 2014 to 2016, this study compares seasonal and interannual dynamics of carbon fluxes between these arid and semi-arid ecosystems and the atmosphere.

  9. Library Resource

    Volume 9 Issue 8

    Peer-reviewed publication
    August, 2020
    China, Russia, United States of America

    Chinese croplands have changed considerably over the past decades, but their impacts on the environment remain underexplored. Meanwhile, understanding the contributions of human activities to vegetation greenness has been attracting more attention but still needs to be improved. To address both issues, this study explored vegetation greening and its relationships with Chinese cropland changes and climate. Greenness trends were first identified from the normalized difference vegetation index and leaf area index from 1982–2015 using three trend detection algorithms.

  10. Library Resource

    Volume 9 Issue 8

    Peer-reviewed publication
    August, 2020
    China, Russia, United States of America

    Environmental degradation is closely related to unreasonable land use behaviors by farmers. In this study, participatory rural assessment (PRA) is used to conduct a detailed survey of farmers and plots and to collect relevant natural and social statistics. The accuracy of remote sensing data is verified by comparative analysis, and the change in status of various land use types in each research period is reflected by the change in the dynamic degree and change in range.

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