Geographical indication (GI) schemes can play a special role in promoting sustainable rural development, improving farm income and opening new export potential. Natural factors such as soil, climate and plant varieties play a major role in producing a unique product. Usually, GIs comprise knowledge and skills passed on from generation to generation, helping to protect local heritage. This report is a synthesis of the five national reviews of the legal and institutional frameworks in Armenia, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, the Republic of Moldova, and the Russian Federation.
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Library ResourceInstitutional & promotional materialsOctober, 2018France, Moldova, United States of America, Hungary, Kyrgyzstan, Albania, Ukraine, Poland, Russia, Georgia, Armenia
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJuly, 2018Slovakia, Lithuania, Hungary, Germany, China, Italy, Latvia, Austria, Finland, Romania, Czech Republic
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJuly, 2018Slovakia, Lithuania, Hungary, Sweden, Italy, Austria, Finland, Romania, Czech Republic
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksMarch, 2019Belgium, Sweden, Germany, Malaysia, Portugal, Netherlands, Lebanon, France, Slovakia, Spain, Chile, Guatemala, Denmark, Ireland, Greece, Finland, Thailand, New Zealand, Morocco, Italy, Hungary, Norway
Given its wide scope on the work on forests, FAO requests information from its member countries in many different ways, using various reporting formats and questionnaires. The collected information is used to produce several outputs such as databases, overviews, reports, case-studies and other analyses. Below the flow of information from countries to FAO is sorted in two main categories: 1. Regular reporting requests and 2. Other reporting requests. The regular reporting requests contain information regularly reported by countries to FAO.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2009Slovenia, Liechtenstein, Slovakia, Hungary, Croatia, Poland, Germany, Switzerland, Australia, Czech Republic
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2000Slovenia, Liechtenstein, Slovakia, Hungary, Croatia, Poland, Germany, Switzerland, Australia, Czech Republic
Library ResourceReports & ResearchOctober, 2002Slovenia, Liechtenstein, Slovakia, Hungary, Croatia, Poland, Germany, Australia, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Eastern Europe
Women's employment in transition countries, notably Central and Eastern Europe has become increasingly informal and flexible. The first growing trend is that women are more involved in cross-border trade, known as 'suitcase' trade, often keeping women away from home for days or months. They buy mainly consumer and household goods usually unavailable in their home countries, to sell to street vendors on their return home. The second growing trend is women's involvement in sub-contracting, particularly work such as hand sewing for the textile and shoe industries.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2001Slovenia, Liechtenstein, Slovakia, Hungary, Croatia, Australia, Germany, Poland, Macao S.A.R, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Eastern Europe, Eastern Asia
The topic of gender relations in the context of conflict covers highly sensitive terrain, not only within the war-torn society, but for intervening institutions. Like other international humanitarian agencies, Oxfam Great Britain (GB) has faced difficult questions about whether its presence has sometimes done more harm than good. External agencies also have to ask themselves whether their interventions impact negatively on women and gender relations.
Library ResourceTraining Resources & ToolsPolicy Papers & BriefsJanuary, 2004Slovenia, Liechtenstein, Bangladesh, Slovakia, El Salvador, Croatia, Chile, Zimbabwe, Germany, Switzerland, Hungary, Australia, Tanzania, Poland, India, Brazil, Czech Republic, Eastern Europe, Global, Central America, Eastern Africa, South America, Southern Africa, Eastern Asia, Caribbean, Southern Asia, Central Asia
Citizenship is an abstract concept and therefore great care must be taken in explaining what it means in practice and what can effectively be done in the context of development interventions and policy. Development projects which enhance the ability of marginalised groups to access and influence decision-making bodies are implicitly if not explicitly working with concepts of citizenship. Citizenship is about concrete institutions, policy and structures and the ways in which people can shape them using ideas of rights and participation.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsJuly, 2011Slovenia, France, Estonia, Slovakia, Belgium, Spain, Luxembourg, Sweden, Germany, Denmark, Bulgaria, Latvia, Greece, Malta, Finland, Cyprus, Lithuania, Hungary, Austria, Italy, Portugal, Poland, Netherlands, Ireland, Romania, Czech Republic
Great share of rented land in total utilised area as well as a significant variability of land rent and market prices of land causes a need of research that would assess which factors influence the land rent as well as the price of land and how significant such factor are in each state. The average land rent is significantly lower in new EU member states than in the EU 15 members. There is a strong dependence of land rent on the intensity of production. Subsidies have moderate to medium influence.
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