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Showing items 1 through 9 of 22.
  1. Library Resource

    Volume 8 Issue 9

    Peer-reviewed publication
    September, 2019
    Ethiopia

    The value of Traditional Ecological Knowledge (TEK) for informing resource management has long been recognized; however, its incorporation into ecosystem services (ES) assessments remains uncommon. Often “top-down” approaches are utilized, depending on “expert knowledge”, that are not relevant to local resource users. Here we propose an approach for combining participatory methods with remote sensing to provide a more holistic understanding of ES change. Participatory mapping in focus group discussions identified TEK regarding what ES were present, where, and their value to communities.

  2. Library Resource

    Volume 8 Issue 2

    Peer-reviewed publication
    February, 2019
    Kenya, Ethiopia

    Deforestation and forest degradation (D&D) in the tropics have continued unabated and are posing serious threats to forests and the livelihoods of those who depend on forests and forest resources. Smallholder farmers are often implicated in scientific literature and policy documents as important agents of D&D. However, there is scanty information on why smallholders exploit forests and what the key drivers are. We employed behavioral sciences approaches that capture contextual factors, attitudinal factors, and routine practices that shape decisions by smallholder farmers.

  3. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    March, 2018
    Ethiopia, Africa, Eastern Africa

    Background: Diarrhoea is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among the under-five children in low-income countries. Despite improvements in water and sanitation coverage, studies show that diarrhoea is still a major public health problem in Ethiopia. This study was designed to determine the magnitude and risk factors of diarrhoea in the agricultural and agro-pastoralist communities of the rural Sidama zone, Southern Ethiopia. Methods: a cross-sectional study was conducted in July 2013. Interview and questionnaire were the main data gathering instruments used in the study.

  4. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    February, 2019
    Ethiopia, Africa, Eastern Africa

    Background
    Safety and wholesomeness of milk intended for human consumption are influenced by various interlinked factors. However, information on what these factors are, especially in the pastoral traditional communities of Ethiopia, is largely lacking. The objective of this study is to assess the hygienic milk production, processing and consumption practices, and behaviors of Borana pastoralists.

  5. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    November, 2018
    Morocco, Ethiopia, Kenya, Cameroon, South Africa, Mali, Niger, Senegal, Nicaragua, China, Mongolia, Nepal, Jordan, Lebanon, Norway, Spain, Australia

    The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security explicitly mention pastoralists as users of the Guidelines and as targets of capacity building. Despite the historical and often ongoing marginalization of pastoralists, this technical guide has been developed in response to emerging opportunities to support pastoralists and to strengthen their land and resource rights.

  6. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    October, 2018
    Algeria, Egypt, Benin, Nigeria, Ethiopia, Niger, Eritrea, Libya, Somalia, Cameroon, Senegal, Chad, Burkina Faso, Mauritania, Mali, Djibouti, Kenya, Morocco, Tunisia, South Sudan, Sudan, Africa

    Pastoral livestock production is crucial to the livelihoods and the economy of Africa’s semiarid regions. It developed 7,000 years ago in response to long-tern climate change. It spread throughout Northern Africa as an adaptation to the rapidly changing and increasingly unpredictable arid climate. It is practiced in an area representing 43% of Africa’s land mass in the different regions of Africa, and in some regions it represents the dominant livelihoods system.

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