Recently dubbed “Africa’s Lion” (in allusion to the discourse around “Asian Tigers”), Ethiopia is celebrated for its steady economic growth, including a growing number of millionaires compared to other African nations. However, as documented in previous research by the Oakland Institute, the Ethiopian government’s “development strategy,” is founded on its policy of leasing millions of hectares (ha) of land to foreign investors.
Search resultsShowing items 1 through 9 of 420.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchNovember, 2014Ethiopia
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationAugust, 2020Ethiopia
We investigated the spatial relations of ecological and social processes to point at how state policies, population density, migration dynamics, topography, and socio-economic values of ‘forest coffee’ together shaped forest cover changes since 1958 in southwest Ethiopia. We used data from aerial photos, Landsat images, digital elevation models, participatory field mapping, interviews, and population censuses.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksJanuary, 2018Ethiopia
This paper analyzes frontier dynamics of land dispossessions in Ethiopia’s pastoral lowland regions. Through a case study of two sedentarization schemes in South Omo Valley, we illustrate how politics of coercive sedentarization are legitimated in the ‘civilizing’ impetus of ‘improvement schemes’ for ‘backward’ pastoralists. We study sedentarization schemes that are implemented to evict pastoralist communities from grazing land to be appropriated by corporate investors.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJanuary, 2016Ethiopia
As months of protest and civil unrest hurl Ethiopia into a severe political crisis, a new report from the Oakland Institute debunks the myth that the country is the new “African Lion.” Miracle or Mirage? Manufacturing Hunger and Poverty in Ethiopia exposes how authoritarian development schemes have perpetuated cycles of poverty, food insecurity, and marginalized the country’s most vulnerable citizens.
Library ResourceManuals & GuidelinesMay, 2020Ethiopia, Global
Despite good intentions, rural land registration schemes have often failed to reach women and other vulnerable people—revealing the need for more inclusive strategies that target these groups and strengthen their land tenure security. One such strategy has emerged in Ethiopia where the Land Investment for Transformation (LIFT) program, managed by DAI, has prioritized the recruitment of social development officers (SDOs), young graduates who play a critical coordinating role in the implementation of gender-equitable and socially inclusive approaches to land registration.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksJanuary, 2015Ethiopia
This paper examines the role of customary pastoral institutions in managing conflicts. It indicates thatintra‐ethnic conflicts can be managed customarily because of shared norms attributed to the social proximity and cultural homogeneity, whereas managing inter‐ethnic conflicts goes beyond the capacity of elders' council exercising customary law. The introduction of ethnic‐based federalism and historical political relations between different ethnic groups has weakened customary institutions in managing inter‐ethnic conflict.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchApril, 2015Ethiopia
Over the past six years, the Oakland Institute has been at the forefront of exposing the social, economic, and environmental impacts of foreign land grabs in Ethiopia.
Library ResourceInstitutional & promotional materialsSeptember, 2019Ethiopia, Peru, Laos, Global
This brochure presents recent digital innovations that enable a more effective, efficient and transparentin land management. It refers to examples in Peru, Ethiopia and Laos.
Library ResourceInstitutional & promotional materialsSeptember, 2019Ethiopia, Madagascar, Uganda, Benin, Paraguay, Peru, Laos, Global
This brochure provides an overview of the Global Programme Responsible Land Policy (GPRLP) implemented by the German Development Cooperation Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ). It points out the relevance of land rights for reducing hunger and conflicts as well as the potential for achieving environmental, social and economic development.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJanuary, 2020Ethiopia, Uganda, Peru, Indonesia
Evidence shows that women can benefit from having individualised land rights formalized in their names. However, similar evidence is not available for formalization of land rights that are based on collective tenure. Studies have estimated that as much as 65 percent of the world’s land is held under customary, collective-tenure systems. Improving tenure security for land held collectively has been shown to improve resource management and to support self-determination of indigenous groups.
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