This research report examines three questions that are central to IFPRI research: How do property-rights institutions affect efficiency and equity? How are resources allocated within households? Why does this matter from a policy perspective? As part of a larger multicountry study on property rights to land and trees, this study focuses on the evolution from customary land tenure with communal ownership toward individualized rights, and how this shift affects women and men differently.This study’s key contribution is its multilevel econometric analysis of efficiency and equity issues.
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Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationReports & ResearchDecember, 2001Western Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, South-Eastern Asia, Africa, Asia, Ghana, Indonesia
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2006South-Eastern Asia, Asia, Indonesia
"The Lore Lindu region in Indonesia—as in many forest frontier areas in Southeast Asia—has experienced rapid deforestation due to agricultural expansion in the uplands, at the forest margins. This has resulted in aggravated problems of erosion and water availability, threatening agricultural productivity growth. At the same time, technical progress is promoting agricultural intensification in the lowlands. In this article, we examine how improved technologies for paddy rice cultivation in the lowlands have affected agricultural expansion and deforestation in the uplands.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsDecember, 2007South-Eastern Asia, Asia, Indonesia
The paper draws on findings from research in South Sulawesi and Jambi Provinces, Indonesia, looking at the role of collective action in helping two local community groups enhance their bargaining power vis a vis other market players (such as collectors, small- and large-scale industries) and promote an increased demand for non-timber forest products. The first group has traditionally collected rattan (Calamus sp) from surrounding forests and was struggling to sell their products at a better price amid market uncertainties and the lack of supportive government policies.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2012Southern Asia, Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Eastern Africa, Western Africa, South-Eastern Asia, Guatemala, Indonesia, China, Nigeria, Yemen
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJanuary, 1997Indonesia
It is widely believed that land tenure insecurity under a customary tenure system leads to socially inefficient resource allocation. This article demonstrates that land tenure insecurity promotes tree planting, which is inefficient from the private point of view but could be relatively efficient from the viewpoint of the global environment. Regression analysis, based on primary data collected in Sumatra, indicates that tenure insecurity in fact leads to early tree planting.
Library ResourceJanuary, 2013Indonesia
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsDecember, 1998South-Eastern Asia, Asia, Indonesia
This study attempts to identify the impacts of land tenure institutions on the efficiency of farm management based on a case study of paddy rice and upland cinnamon production in the Kerinci Valley in West Sumatra, where most of Indonesia’s cinnamon is produced. The attractiveness of cinnamon as a commercial crop has implications for forest preservation. Kerinci Valley is an enclave surrounded by the Kerinci Seblat National Park, one of the largest parks in Sumatra.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsDecember, 2008South-Eastern Asia, Asia, Indonesia
This paper investigates the impacts of a social forestry program in Indonesia, Hutan Kamasyarakatan (HKm), based on analysis of a survey of 640 HKm and comparable non-HKm plots in the Sumberjaya watershed of southern Sumatra, and of the households operating those plots. The HKm program provides groups of farmers with secure-tenure permits to continue farming on state Protection Forest land and in exchange for protecting remaining natural forestland, planting multistrata agroforests, and using recommended soil and water conservation (SWC) measures on their coffee plantations.
Library ResourceJanuary, 2008Indonesia, Africa, Ghana
Poultry production is an important livelihoods activity in the rural areas of many developing countries. Several studies from African and Asian countries have found that poultry production significantly contributes to several livelihoods indicators of rural households, such as income, food and nutrition security, and intra-household gender equality.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJanuary, 2000Indonesia
The Asian financial crisis led to a major devaluation of the Indonesian exchange rate, macro instability, and the need for a “structural adjustment” program. The real devaluation affects prices throughout the economy and has a major impact on growth, production, deforestation, and income distribution in the Sumatera region. This paper uses computable general equilibrium (CGE) models —a national model and a regional model of Sumatera— that focus on agriculture to explore the impact of a real devaluation on the economy of Sumatera.
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