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Showing items 1 through 9 of 10.
  1. Library Resource
    International Conventions or Treaties
    January, 2008
    India, China

    Both Parties agree to cooperate on land resource management,land administration and immigrant resettlement. The cooperation mentioned in this Memorandum of Understanding may include, but is not limited to, the following areas of common interest:   1. Development, protection, management and utilization of land resources;   2. Land information management, land surveys, cadastre updates, land registration, statistics, valuation, and the application of modern technologies in these areas;   3. Land use planning;   4. Land market, land allocation, relevant laws and regulations;   5.

  2. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2015
    Bangladesh, Switzerland, United States of America, Mali, Zimbabwe, China, Indonesia, Australia, Canada, Benin, Malawi, Thailand, Jordan, Morocco, Philippines, India, Mexico, Brazil

    本指南阐述如何对世界粮食安全的几种主要作物, 即玉米、稻米和小麦 , 实际应用粮农组织的作物生产可持续集约化 "节约与增长" 模式 。书中列举非洲 、亚洲和拉丁美洲的事例 , 阐明以生态系统为基础的耕作系统如何帮助小农提高谷物单产 , 改善生计 , 减少对环境的压力 , 增强对气候变化的抵御能力 。本指南将成为决策者和发展工作者在实现全球向可持续粮食和农业转型过程中的宝贵参考手册。

  3. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2008
    Bangladesh, Switzerland, United States of America, Philippines, Uganda, Mali, Chile, Germany, China, Italy, Indonesia, Australia, Netherlands, India, Brazil

    《2008年粮食及农业状况》探讨了近年来建立在农产品基础之上的生物燃料生产快速增长所带来的影响。液态生物燃料的兴旺很大程度上是发达国家的政策导致的,因为预期液态生物燃料会对气候变化减缓、能源安全和农业发展做出积极贡献。生产生物燃料对农产品日益增长的需求正对农产品市场产生重大反响,人们日益关注它们对全球亿万人口的粮食安全造成的负面影响。同时,生物燃料对环境的影响也正在得到密切的审视。然而,如果执行适当的政策并进行恰当的投资,生物燃料也为农业和农村发展提供机遇。本报告考察了就生物燃料争论的现状以及关于这些重要问题的现有证据。报告发现,如果要减少与生物燃料相关的风险并更加广范地共享机遇的话,必须在政策改革和农业投资方面做出协调一致的努力。

  4. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2011
    Kenya, Bangladesh, Germany, China, Italy, Senegal, India, Yemen, Chad, Sri Lanka, Niger, Ethiopia, Thailand

    到2050年,全球范围内的粮食产量预计需要再递增70%左右,而在发展中国家这一比例将近100%。面对粮食增产的这一需求,再加上其他领域需求的争夺,使全球许多农业生产系统纷纷置于前所未有的压力之下。这些“濒临系统”正处于愈演愈烈的水土资源大战之中,而且还经常受到不可持续的农耕方式的掣肘。因此,需要对其特别注意并采取具体的救助措施。《世界粮食和农业领域土地及水资源状况》(SOLAW)就这些高危领域如何克服制约因素并改善资源管理探讨了多种方案。在每一个领域,除了要在制度和政策上作出一些列调整外,还必须将其与扩大技术应用结合起来,以获得更好的水土资源管理效果。另外,加大投资力度、提供新型融资机制以及开展国际合作与开发援助也有助于克服这些制约因素。本书作为《世界粮食和农业领域土地及水资源状况》第一期,是对联合国粮食及农业组织出版的其他“世界状况”类报告的一个补充,其旨在揭示国家与国际层面上的论争和决策情况。

  5. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2001
    India, Guatemala, Congo, Italy

    In every region of the world, landscapes are being transformed. Rural people are migrating to urban centres in search of economic and social opportunities while city dwellers are becoming interested in producing their own food and moving outside the centres to be able to appreciate nature. These changes in lifestyles have implications for the food system and nutritional status of populations.

  6. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2012
    India, Uganda, Switzerland, China, Germany

    本版即第十版《世界森林状况》详述了一个 重要事实,即森林、林业和林产品对可持 续发展至关重要。《世界森林状况》每两年出 版一次。 保护森林的最好方法就是可持续地经营管 理森林并从其产品和生态系统服务中获益。林 业行业现在面临的一个挑战就是如何宣传和推 广这一理念。如果能贯彻实施可持续森林管理 的原则并加大林产品及生态系统服务的比重, 全球经济会更加绿色环保。 同前九版一样,《2012 年世界森林状况》 也旨在为支持林业相关政策和研究提供参考资 料。此外,我期望书中提出的一些观点能引起 人们的关注和讨论,以推动创新经济增长方式, 使全球经济朝着更加绿色的方向发展。

  7. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2012
    Angola, Algeria, Egypt, Bangladesh, Niger, Liechtenstein, Somalia, Namibia, Bulgaria, Bolivia, Ghana, Pakistan, Cape Verde, Jordan, Liberia, Libya, Vietnam, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Tanzania, Portugal, Cambodia, Ethiopia, Paraguay, Saudi Arabia, Lebanon, Slovenia, Burkina Faso, Slovakia, Mauritania, Croatia, Chile, China, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Jamaica, Djibouti, Guinea, Finland, Uruguay, Thailand, Seychelles, Nepal, Laos, Yemen, Philippines, South Africa, Kiribati, Uganda, Syrian Arab Republic, Nicaragua, Kazakhstan, Niue, Dominica, Benin, Nigeria, Belgium, Togo, Zimbabwe, Sri Lanka, United Kingdom, Malawi, Costa Rica, Cameroon, Morocco, Lesotho, Tokelau, Turkmenistan, Trinidad and Tobago, Netherlands, Iraq, Chad, Georgia, Montenegro, Mongolia, Marshall Islands, Belize, Afghanistan, Burundi, Belarus, Grenada, Greece, Andorra, Rwanda, Tajikistan, Haiti, Mexico, Saint Lucia, India, Latvia, Bhutan, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Malaysia, Norway, Czech Republic, Antigua and Barbuda, Fiji, Honduras, Mauritius, Dominican Republic, Luxembourg, Israel, San Marino, Peru, Indonesia, Vanuatu, North Macedonia, Suriname, Congo, Iceland, Cook Islands, Comoros, Colombia, Botswana, Nauru, Moldova, Sao Tome and Principe, Madagascar, Ecuador, Senegal, Maldives, Serbia, France, Lithuania, Mozambique, Zambia, Samoa, Holy See, Guatemala, Denmark, Germany, Australia, Austria, Venezuela, Iran, Palau, Kenya, Turkey, Albania, Oman, Tuvalu, Myanmar, Brunei Darussalam, Tunisia, Russia, Barbados, Brazil, Canada, Equatorial Guinea, United States of America, Qatar, Sweden, Ukraine, Guinea-Bissau, Eswatini, Tonga, Ivory Coast, Republic of Korea, Guyana, Switzerland, Cyprus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Singapore, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan, Central African Republic, Poland, Kuwait, Gambia, Eritrea, Gabon, Estonia, Spain, Faroe Islands, El Salvador, Mali, Ireland, Malta, South Sudan, Sierra Leone, Panama, Bahamas, Solomon Islands, New Zealand, Monaco, Italy, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Japan, Kyrgyzstan, Armenia, Micronesia, United Arab Emirates, Argentina, Sudan, Bahrain, Hungary, Papua New Guinea, Cuba, Americas, Northern America, Europe, Asia, Africa, Global, Oceania

    《准则》是第一份通过政府间磋商谈判制定的 有关权属及其治理的全球性综合文书。 《准则》列出有关负责任治理的原则和国际公认标准, 对土地、渔业及森林资源开展利用和管理。 《准则》用以指导下列工作:改进权属权利治理的政策、法律和组织框 架;提高权属体系的透明度并强化管理;加强与权属及其治理有关的 公共机构、私营企业、民间社会组织以及人员的能力和行动。 《准则》把权属治理置于国家粮食安全范畴内,旨在促进逐步实现充足 食物权、消除贫困、保护环境以及可持续社会经济发展。

  8. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2011
    Burkina Faso, Bangladesh, Switzerland, Nepal, China, Indonesia, Peru, Ethiopia, Pakistan, Kenya, Philippines, Turkey, Italy, India, Uganda, Ghana

    在所有发展中国家地区,妇女对农村经济做出重大贡献。妇女的这一作用因地区而异,然而,妇女获取提高生产力所需资源和机会的手段总是比男人的少。增加妇女获取土地、牲畜、教育、金融服务、推广、技术和农村就业的手段,将提高妇女的生产力,促进农业增产、粮食安全、经济增长和社会福利。仅在农业投入品方面缩小性别差距这一项,就能使一亿到一点五亿人摆脱贫困。缩小性别差距没有现成蓝图,但有些基本原则普遍适用:政府、国际社会和民间社会应携手努力,按法律规定消除歧视,促进资源获取手段和机会的平等,确保农业政策和计划考虑性别问题,聆听妇女作为可持续发展平等伙伴的声音。农业方面实现男女平等,赋予妇女权能,不仅应该做到,而且对农业发展和粮食安全至关重要。

  9. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2009
    Bangladesh, Switzerland, United States of America, China, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Australia, Ethiopia, Niger, Uruguay, Thailand, Japan, Italy, Netherlands, Tunisia, India

    畜牧部门正在快速地转变,以适应全球经济的 变化和不断演变的社会预期。人们希望畜牧部门为不 断增长的城市人口提供安全充足的食物和纤维,为十 亿多贫困生产者和销售者提供生计,并且提供有关粮 食安全、环境可持续性和动物源性疾病的全球公共产 品。然而,畜牧部门转变速度之快导致其增长失衡。 这一点反映在畜牧部门内部在生产规模、强度和效率 方面出现了日益扩大的两级分化,还反映在无法预料 的社会、营养、动物卫生和环境方面的影响。畜牧部 门的转变及其转变速度给生计、人类和动物卫生以及 环境造成了系统性风险。为了应对二十一世纪的挑战 和制约,畜牧部门需要适当的制度、研究、发展干预 和治理,这些均应反映出该部门内的多样性及其所承 载的多重需求。

  10. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December, 2013
    Southern Asia, Eastern Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa, South America, Africa, Asia, Northern America, Brazil, China, India, United States of America

    This 2012 Global Food Policy Report is the second in an annual series that provides an in-depth look at major food policy developments and events. Initiated in response to resurgent interest in food security, the series offers a yearly overview of the food policy developments that have contributed to or hindered progress in food and nutrition security. It reviews what happened in food policy and why, examines key challenges and opportunities, shares new evidence and knowledge, and highlights emerging issues.

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