The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure (VGGT) call for governments to clearly define the term ‘public purpose’ to allow for judicial review of the goals of expropriations of property. However, recent research indicates that national-level legal frameworks that govern expropriation decision-making not only vary greatly from country to country but also often fail to comply with the VGGT standards on expropriation. This creates the potential for unpredictable and, in some cases, arbitrary applications of expropriation law in practice.
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Search resultsShowing items 1 through 9 of 42.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationOctober, 2019South Africa, India, Southern Africa
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2017India, Nepal, Morocco, South Africa
With current rates of land degradation reaching ten to twelve million ha per year, there is an urgent need to scale up and out successful, profitable and resource-efficient sustainable land management practices to maintain the health and resilience of the land that humans depend on. As much as 500 million out of two billion ha of degraded land, mainly in developing countries, have restoration potential, offering an immediate target for restoration and rehabilitation initiatives.1 In the past, piecemeal approaches to achieving sustainable land management have had limited impact.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchSeptember, 2016Kenya, Burkina Faso, Benin, India, Ethiopia, Africa, Eastern Africa
Library ResourceNovember, 2016Kenya, Burkina Faso, Benin, India, Ethiopia, Africa, Eastern Africa
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2006Kenya, Uganda, Peru, Sudan, Ecuador, Bolivia, India, Ethiopia, Colombia, Asia, Africa, South America, Southern Asia
There are many options for enhancing food production from fish in managed aquatic systems.The most appropriate technology, however, will vary from place to place, and the conditions under which one technology is prefered over another are still not well defined.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2018Kenya, India, Ethiopia, Asia, Central Asia, Africa, Eastern Africa
Agriculture is a major contributor to climate change,
emitting the three major greenhouse gases (GHGs) –
carbon dioxide (CO2), methane and nitrous oxide – into the
atmosphere. According to the Fifth Assessment Report of
the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC),
the Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use sector “is
responsible for just under a quarter (~10–12 Gt CO2eq/yr) of
[all] anthropogenic GHG emissions mainly from deforestation
and agricultural emissions from livestock, soil and nutrient
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsDecember, 2014South Africa, India, China, Brazil, Australia
A Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) is an evolving concept, essentially consisting of policies, institutional arrangements, Geographical Information Systems (GISs), data bases, networks, Web services and portals to facilitate and coordinate the availability, exchange and sharing of geospatial data and services between stakeholders from different levels.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsSeptember, 2016South Africa, India, China, Brazil
This compendium and analysis of Cities in the BRICS countries were developed through a partnership between the South African Cities Network (SACN) and the South African Research Chair in Spatial Analysis and City Planning (SA&CP) at the University of the Witwatersrand. Since South Africa joined BRICS in 2010, multiple connections have been forged between South Africa and its alliance partners. However, although there is a growing volume of engagements, there is still inadequate knowledge and understanding across the BRICS.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2006India, Australia, Kenya, Africa, Eastern Africa
The need to increase water productivity is a growing global concern as the World Commission on Water has estimated that demand for water will increase by c. 50% over the next 30 years and approximately half of the world's population will experience conditions of severe water stress by 2025. Three-quarters of African countries are expected to experience unstable water supplies, whereby small decreases in rainfall induce much larger reductions in streamflow.
Library ResourceInstitutional & promotional materialsJuly, 2018Nepal, Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, United States of America, Guatemala, Italy, Cameroon, Australia, Netherlands, South Sudan, India, Gabon, Sudan, Costa Rica, Mexico, New Zealand
This booklet contains the main points of the publication The State of the World’s Forests 2018.