The livelihoods of indigenous peoples, custodians of the world’s forests since time immemorial, were eroded as colonial powers claimed de jure control over their ancestral lands. The continuation of European land regimes in Africa and Asia meant that the withdrawal of colonial powers did not bring about a return to customary land tenure. Further, the growth in environmentalism has been interpreted by some as entailing conservation ahead of people.
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Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationMarch, 2020Democratic Republic of the Congo, India, Kenya
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsApril, 2020Kenya, India, Global
In late March, Indian Premier Narendra Modi imposed a three-week lockdown to prevent the further spread of the coronavirus. Since then, tens of thousands of migrant workers who had previously provided cheap labour in wealthy homes or on construction sites in the nation’s growing metropolises have been making their way back to their rural home regions.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsOctober, 2017Afghanistan, United Arab Emirates, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, Turkey, Uzbekistan, Yemen, Eastern Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Asia, Central Asia, Western Asia
To help break the cycle of poverty, improve food and nutritional security, halt or reverse the alarming process of resource degradation in the dry areas, and help communities adapt to the impacts of climate variability and change, ICARDA’s Strategic Plan 2017-2026 outlines our research and organizational approach for action to achieve our vision of thriving and resilient communities in the dry areas of the developing world.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchOctober, 2017Afghanistan, China, Algeria, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Pakistan, Palestine, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Tunisia, Turkey, Uzbekistan, Eastern Africa, Northern Africa, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, Central Asia, Western Asia
This document presents the Strategic Plan of the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas for the period from 2017 to 2026. ICARDA’s mission is to enhance food, water, and nutritional security and environmental health in the face of global challenges, including climate change. Through preparedness for change and productivity gains in the rural economy, ICARDA will contribute to poverty reduction and social stability as our overarching goal. Innovative science, partnerships for impact, capacity development, and a fit-for-purpose organization are our tools.
Library ResourceInstitutional & promotional materialsOctober, 2017Afghanistan, United Arab Emirates, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, Turkey, Uzbekistan, Yemen, Eastern Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Asia, Central Asia, Western Asia
Non-tropical dry areas cover over 40% of the world’s land surface with a growing population of more than 2.5 billion people. These people grow 44% of the world’s food and keep half of the world’s livestock, yet one in six live in chronic poverty. Dry areas also face major challenges, including insufficient rainfall, climate variability and change, land degradation, desertification, recurring droughts, temperature extremes, high population growth, widespread poverty, and unemployment.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJuly, 2018Northern Africa, Egypt, Morocco, Sudan, Tunisia, Eastern Africa, Ethiopia, Southern Asia, Afghanistan, India, Iran, Western Asia, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, Syrian Arab Republic
Widespread heat waves, floods, and droughts last year were a strong reminder of the threats posed by climate change. In the non-tropical dry areas where ICARDA works we are becoming accustomed to record high temperatures and increasing water scarcity year on year. Resilience and climate change adaptation are at the heart of ICARDA’s new Strategic Plan 2017-2026 – a bold and ambitious effort to harness cutting-edge science and deliver the tools and technologies that smallholder farmers need to maintain agricultural production and protect their livelihoods.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchSeptember, 2019Afghanistan, United Arab Emirates, Egypt, India, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, Turkey, Uzbekistan, Northern Africa, Southern Asia, Central Asia, Western Asia
ICARDA continued to play a critical role in the development, improvement, and dissemination of climate-resilient crop varieties last year. The varieties strengthened food and nutritional security and provided a critical defense against extreme temperatures, water scarcity, and the emergence of new pests and diseases.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationOctober, 2019Southern Africa, South Africa, India
The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure (VGGT) call for governments to clearly define the term ‘public purpose’ to allow for judicial review of the goals of expropriations of property. However, recent research indicates that national-level legal frameworks that govern expropriation decision-making not only vary greatly from country to country but also often fail to comply with the VGGT standards on expropriation. This creates the potential for unpredictable and, in some cases, arbitrary applications of expropriation law in practice.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2017India, Nepal, Morocco, South Africa
With current rates of land degradation reaching ten to twelve million ha per year, there is an urgent need to scale up and out successful, profitable and resource-efficient sustainable land management practices to maintain the health and resilience of the land that humans depend on. As much as 500 million out of two billion ha of degraded land, mainly in developing countries, have restoration potential, offering an immediate target for restoration and rehabilitation initiatives.1 In the past, piecemeal approaches to achieving sustainable land management have had limited impact.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchSeptember, 2016Kenya, Burkina Faso, Benin, India, Ethiopia, Africa, Eastern Africa
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