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Showing items 1 through 9 of 568.
  1. Library Resource
    Perú: Retrocesos en tiempos de COVID-19

    Evaluación de los cambios en las salvaguardias sociales y ambientales en Perú durante la pandemia COVID-19 y las consecuencias para los pueblos indígenas y sus territorios

    Reports & Research
    February, 2021
    Peru

    Los impactos económicos del COVID-19 han generado que el Estado peruano agudice aún más en la priorización de las actividades extractivas por sobre la atención y cumplimiento de los derechos de los pueblos indígenas. En ese sentido, el presente informe describe, a través de las medidas establecidas por el Estado, las políticas que se han impulsado en territorios indígenas, bajo el argumento de la reactivación económica, sin contemplar los efectos que éstas pueden tener a mediano o largo plazo sobre la vida, la salud y el cumplimiento de los derechos de los pueblos.

  2. Library Resource

    Evaluación de los cambios en las salvaguardas territoriales y ambientales en Colombia y las consecuencias para los pueblos indígenas, afrodescendientes y campesinos

    Reports & Research
    February, 2021
    Colombia

    Las medidas de confinamiento adoptadas por el gobierno colombiano para contener la propagación del Covid-19, se han traducido en un detrimento de libertades y derechos fundamentales de las personas: restricciones de movilidad, toques de queda sin garantía de renta básica, cierre de mercados, inoperatividad de sistemas judiciales, precariedad del sistema de salud, abusos policiales, fortalecimiento de grupos armados e incremento de actividades ilegales.

  3. Library Resource
    Brazil: The dangers of rolling back social and environmental safeguards for indigenous and forest peoples during COVID-19

    An Analysis of the Consequences of Measures Taken During COVID-19 in Brazil

    Reports & Research
    February, 2021
    Brazil

    Over the last several years, the Brazilian government has rolled back environmental and social protections, threatening ecosystems such as the Amazon rainforest and the livelihoods of indigenous peoples and traditional communities. The dismantling of inspection and protection programmes in indigenous territories coupled with political neglect towards the formal demarcation of indigenous lands or the strengthening of public policies to safeguard traditional ways of life has led to social, physical and cultural vulnerability for indigenous peoples.

  4. Library Resource
    Brasil: os perigos de reverter as salvaguardas ambientais e sociais para os direitos dos povos indígenas e das florestas durante a COVID-19

    An Analysis of the Consequences of Measures Taken During COVID-19 in Brazil

    Reports & Research
    February, 2021
    Brazil

    Nos últimos anos, o governo brasileiro reverteu as proteções ambientais e sociais, ameaçando ecossistemas como a floresta amazônica e a subsistência de povos indígenas e comunidades tradicionais. O desmantelamento dos programas de fiscalização e proteção em territórios indígenas, aliado ao descaso político com a demarcação formal das terras indígenas ou o fortalecimento das políticas públicas de salvaguarda dos modos de vida tradicionais, tem gerado vulnerabilidade social, física e cultural para os povos indígenas.

  5. Library Resource
    World Bank

    Brazil

    Reports & Research
    January, 2016
    Latin America and the Caribbean, South America, Brazil
    Doing Business sheds light on how easy or difficult it is for a local entrepreneur to open and run a small to medium-size business when complying with relevant regulations. It measures and tracks changes in regulations affecting 11 areas in the life cycle of a business: starting a business, dealing with construction permits, getting electricity, registering property, getting credit, protecting minority investors, paying taxes, trading across borders, enforcing contracts, resolving insolvency and labor market regulation.
  6. Library Resource

    Land Use Policy Volume 60

    Peer-reviewed publication
    January, 2017
    Bangladesh, United States of America, Southern Asia

    Changing dietary preferences and population growth in South Asia have resulted in increasing demand for wheat and maize, along side high and sustained demand for rice. In the highly productive northwestern Indo-Gangetic Plains of South Asia, farmers utilize groundwater irrigation to assure that at least two of these crops are sequenced on the same field within the same year. Such double cropping has had a significant and positive influence on regional agricultural productivity. But in the risk-prone and food insecure lower Eastern Indo-Gangetic Plains (EIGP), cropping is less intensive.

  7. Library Resource

    Land Use Policy Volume 38

    Peer-reviewed publication
    May, 2014
    Peru

    Policy makers concerned with the peri-urban interface find their greatest challenges in the rapid urban growth of developing mountain regions, since limitations caused by relief and altitude often lead to an increased competition between rural and urban land use at the valley floors. In this context, little attention has been paid to the affected agriculturalists’ perceptions of peri-urban growth—important information required for the realization of sustainable land use planning. How is the process of rural–urban land change perceived and assessed by peri-urban smallholder communities?

  8. Library Resource

    Land Use Policy Volume 76

    Peer-reviewed publication
    July, 2018
    United Kingdom, United States of America

    We assess the production impacts of a 100% conversion to organic agriculture in England and Wales using a large-scale linear programming model. The model includes a range of typical farm structures, scaled up across the available land area, with the objective of maximising food production. The effects of soil and rainfall, nitrogen (N) supply/offtake and livestock feed demand are accounted for. Results reveal major reductions in wheat and barley production, whilst the production of minor cereals such as oats and rye increase.

  9. Library Resource

    Land Use Policy Volume 85

    Peer-reviewed publication
    June, 2019
    Australia, Canada, France, United States of America

    Agriculture around the world is one of the industries most affected by, and faced with responsibility to mitigate, climate change. Through improvements in technology and efficiency as well as changes to land use management, agriculture can make an important contribution to meeting global commitments such as the Paris agreement or the Sustainable Development Goals. Yet international carbon markets have not resulted in sufficiently high financial returns to motivate the full potential of land sector changes in Australia and globally.

  10. Library Resource

    Land Use Policy Volume 41

    Peer-reviewed publication
    November, 2014
    Malawi, Norway, United States of America

    Based on government statistics and interviews with villagers across Malawi this article argues that customary matrilineal and patrilineal land tenure systems serve to weaken security of land tenure for some family members as well as obstructing the creation of gender-neutral inheritance of lands. Data from the National Census of Agriculture and Livestock 2007and the 2008 Population and Housing Census are used to characterize marriage systems and landholding patterns of local communities. Marriage systems correspond to customary land-tenure patterns of matrilineal or patrilineal cultures.

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