Evidence shows that women can benefit from having individualised land rights formalized in their names. However, similar evidence is not available for formalization of land rights that are based on collective tenure. Studies have estimated that as much as 65 percent of the world’s land is held under customary, collective-tenure systems. Improving tenure security for land held collectively has been shown to improve resource management and to support self-determination of indigenous groups.
Search resultsShowing items 1 through 9 of 3781.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJanuary, 2020Ethiopia, Uganda, Peru, Indonesia
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksJune, 2013Latin America and the Caribbean, South America, Brazil
Este artigo examina o processo de expansão portuguesa pelos sertões orientais da capitania do Maranhão e pela capitania do Piauí nas primeiras décadas do século XVIII, procurando explicar as conexões entre as guerras contra os índios daquela região, a expansão do gado e os interesses principalmente dos governadores do Estado do Maranhão e Pará.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksNovember, 2019Latin America and the Caribbean, South America, BrazilEste trabalho visa apresentar um relato de experiência acerca da aula de campo vivenciada no Município de Buíque. A atividade surgiu a partir da disciplina eletiva Educação do Campo, componente curricular do Curso de Licenciatura em Pedagogia da Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco (UFRPE).
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksNovember, 2019Latin America and the Caribbean, South America, Brazil
A importância deste relato de experiência ganha tamanho e notoriedade quando - em meio a coleta de dados para uma pesquisa de mestrado sobre políticas públicas de desenvolvimento territorial e seus arranjos institucionais – vem à tona uma série de elementos que estruturam o entendimento dos territórios, que são os seus conflitos, as relações de poder e as identidades. Neste caso, são questões referentes ao território Sudoeste Paulista, que se situa entre o Norte Pioneiro do Paraná e o Vale do Ribeira.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationDecember, 2019Ecuador
In a wave of global conservationism, Ecuador established two large protected areas in its Amazon region in 1979. One of these is the Reserva de Producción Faunística Cuyabeno (RPFC), located in the northeastern corner of the country. Given that this land was previously managed as commons by local indigenous groups, the establishment of protected areas has had numerous consequences for these people. The research conducted comprised three months’ fieldwork in three of the affected Siona communities, primarily through the use of participant observation.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationDecember, 2019Peru
In the high Andes, environmental and socio-economic drivers are transforming agriculture and presumably affecting the in situ conservation of potato (Solanum spp.). To monitor the use and conservation of intraspecific diversity, systematic and comparative studies across agricultural land-use systems are needed. We investigated the spatial-temporal dynamics of potato in two landscapes of Peru’s central Andes: A highland plateau (Huancavelica) compared to an eastern slope (Pasco).
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationAugust, 2019Colombia
In Colombia, right-wing leadership returned to power after winning the presidential elections in 2018 in a campaign in which they opposed the previous government, primarily because of the negotiations and peacemaking with the FARC-EP (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia—Ejército del Pueblo ‘Armed Revolutionary Forces of Colombia—People’s Army’), Colombia’s largest guerrilla organization.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationAugust, 2019Argentina
We examine collaborations between the state and civil society in the context of land grabbing in Argentina. Land grabbing provokes many governance challenges, which generate new social arrangements. The incentives for, limitations to, and contradictions inherent in these collaborations are examined. We particularly explore how the collaborations between the provincial government of Santiago del Estero and non-government organizations (NGOs) played out. This province has experienced many land grabs, especially for agriculture and livestock production.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationJuly, 2019Africa, Central America, Asia, South America
Land plays an important role in the economies of developing countries, and many theories connecting land inequality with different dimensions of economic development already exist. Even though efficacious land distribution allows societies to transition from poverty to a human capital-based developed economy, ongoing issues related to property rights, inequality, and the political economy of land distribution are unavoidable. The general objective of this paper is to explore the nexus between land distribution and economic development.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationJanuary, 2019Chile
The natural salt meadows of Tilopozo in the hyperarid, Atacama Desert of northern Chile, which are located at approximately 2800 m above sea level, are under pressure from industrial activity, and cultivation and grazing by local communities. In this research, the land surface covered by salt meadow vegetation was estimated from normalized difference vegetation indices (NDVI) derived from Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM), Enhanced Thematic Mapper (ETM+) and Operational Land Imager (OLI) data from 1985 to 2016.
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