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Showing items 1 through 9 of 11.
  1. Library Resource
    Peer-reviewed publication
    August, 2014
    Afghanistan

    L’étude de Qasimabad, un district urbain, de Shahidano Meena, un district semi-urbain, et Achin à Shinwari, un district rural, dans la province de Ningarhar, permet d’analyser le rôle du shafa (droit coutumier et islamique du voisinage) dans l’accaparement foncier (land-grabbing) et, par extension, dans le développement tant urbain que rural.

  2. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    December, 2014
    Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam

    This briefing note presents the findings of seven case studies conducted from May to June 2014. The studies were conducted in Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Nepal and Thailand and looked into the livelihood and food security among indigenous shifting cultivation communities in South and Southeast Asia. The briefing note provides a summary of the main findings of the case studies and the common recommendations from a multi-stakeholders consultation held August 28-29 in Chiang Mai, Thailand.

  3. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2014
    Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam

    The type of agrarian structure employed to produce tropical commodities affects many dimensions of land use, such as ownership inequality, overlapping land rights and conflicts, and land use changes. I conduct a literature review of historical changes in agrarian structures of commodities grown on the upland frontier of mainland Southeast and South Asia, using a case study approach, of tea, rubber, oil palm and cassava.

  4. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2014
    Cambodia

    Rural change in Cambodia manifests itself in rapidly declining land availability for the smallholder sector, posing the question of how farmers may be able to deal with limited access to land. In this paper, we discuss with a case study village and household livelihood strategies of smallholders currently operating under land-constrained conditions. Based on an integrated assessment of a smallholder village in Kampot province, we illustrate in quantitative terms how land shortage is creating problems of surplus generation and liquidity issues in monetary and non-monetary flows.

  5. Library Resource
    August, 2014
    North Macedonia

    The present study examines the
    challenges facing municipal governments in FYR Macedonia.
    The introductory chapter provides some further context for
    these developments, in terms of the challenges they pose
    for urban areas and their governments. Chapter Two examines
    issues for financial management of municipalities under the
    decentralized regime, and the attendant need for improving
    local government capacity. The third chapter highlights

  6. Library Resource
    August, 2014

    Cities and the people who live in them
    account for more than 80 percent of the world's total
    greenhouse gas emissions. In addition, more than 80 percent
    of the overall annual global costs of adaptation to climate
    change are estimated to be borne by urban areas. This issues
    brief looks at potential financing opportunities and costs
    of mitigation and adaptation in the urban context.
    Wide-ranging potential sources for finance for climate

  7. Library Resource
    August, 2014
    Indonesia

    Within the next two decades Indonesia
    aspires to generate prosperity, avoid a middle-income trap,
    and leave no one behind as it tries to catch up with
    high-income economies. Can Indonesia achieve them? This
    report argues that the country has the potential to rise and
    become more prosperous and equitable. But the risk of
    floating in the middle is real. Which pathway the economy
    will take depends on: (i) the adoption of a growth strategy

  8. Library Resource
    April, 2014
    Vietnam

    A fundamental challenge for Vietnam is
    to improve the affordability and efficiency of
    infrastructure investment. The fragmentation of public
    infrastructure investment results in duplication and waste,
    and is a major underlying cause of investment inefficiency.
    Bond issuance has been the most prominent form of debt
    financing at the sub-national level. At the provincial
    level, significant disconnects exist between total planned

  9. Library Resource
    July, 2014
    Indonesia

    Within the next two decades Indonesia
    aspires to generate prosperity, avoid a middle-income trap
    and leave no one behind as it tries to catch up with
    high-income economies. These are ambitious goals. Realizing
    them requires sustained high growth and job creation, as
    well as reduced inequality. Can Indonesia achieve them? This
    report argues that the country has the potential to rise and
    become more prosperous and equitable. But the risk of

  10. Library Resource
    February, 2014

    Despite strong economic growth,
    investment in basic urban infrastructure -- water supply,
    wastewater removal and treatment, roads, and other
    capital-intensive systems -- has failed to keep pace with
    urban growth, leaving a critical urban infrastructure
    deficit. At the same time, urban lands in these many
    developing countries are among the most expensive in the
    world. Much of this land is owned by public authorities.

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